is and The Rutaceae citrus Citrus medica L.var.sarcodactylis (Noot.) Swingle  ripe fruit of Citrus medica
. Their sexual Weixin, bitter, sour, warm, with the power of qi stomach, town vomit expectorant treatment of abdominal fullness, indigestion, cough, fullness embolism Buddha in the hands of a traditional Chinese medicine for our country. Citrus medica mainly produced in Guangdong state, Deqing Wu ridge, the Gaoyao Joy, Yunfu, Yunan and other places, the long history of cultivation, Guangdong authentic ingredients "Ten GPH. Not only wide bergamot tea can also infuse into the spleen and stomach, improve circulation, qi and phlegm, fruit shape of boxing like or finger-like, hence the name "Bergamot" the Guangdong area planted bergamot Citrus medica golden fruit, ripe fruit of Citrus medica, sweet, spleen appetite, help digestion, the phlegm antitussive, "Golden Buddha pain pills and other proprietary Chinese medicines are bergamot medicine.
edit this paragraph Citrus medica planting, transplanting and grafting propagation method is often used in the production of breeding methods.
1, the transplanting season: should be 2 to 3 months or 8 to September the Balmy rainy season.
2, select cuttings and interception: 7 to 8 years old to be elected robust mother plant cuttings clipping vigorous growth, no pests 1 to 2 years old twigs, leaves and young shoots are cut off, growth of 17 to 20 cm insertion amended. the
3, transplanting method: a good plot open cross ditch, ditch from 22 to 26 cm, 4 to 7 cm plant spacing cuttings into the trench, careful not inserted down. Interpolation of about 12,000 to 15,000 acres. Pressed after inserting the casing, leaving a buds exposed soil surface.
two planting, planting time: spring and autumn can be given value, but rebounded to 2 to March temperatures, the new shoots germination transplant better.
2, election to site preparation: the best choice for local planting three sides hold into horseshoe soil to facilitate drainage, good air permeability and slightly acidic. Preparation at the plot of the high-pressure 25 cm wide and 1 m plant spacing of 1.5 to 1.8 meters, digging 30 cm deep, 50 cm wide, plant 150 to 170 acres.
3, planting methods: election more than 50 cm high, stout no pests seedlings, the branches cut off, leaving only the trunk, root length of not more than 20 cm. Planting one per hole, fibrous roots extended to four weeks, final casing is slightly higher than the ground, after transplanting given root water around.
field management (a) intercropping: After planting the 1 to 2 years, to promote plant growth between the kinds of economic crops such as peanuts, beans, melons, ginger, but not deep-rooted crops to prevent injury bergamot The surface layer of fibrous roots. the
(b) dressing: combine cultivation, weed dressing the tree to ground before the results put slight applying nitrogen. Applied 4-5 times a year, Big Chill Shi Zhuang strains before and after fat; February Shi chase fertilizers applied once every 20 days later. Xiaoshu monthly facilities once strong fruit fertilizer after each load of manure plus 0.1 to 0.15 kg of urea, 1 manure is applied before the autumnal equinox, peanut husband as well, in order to promote the growth of plants to restore.
(c) topping, bending branches, pruning, picking lateral bud.
1, topping: 1 to 2 years after the species when the plants about 80 cm high, remove the terminal bud, promote plant growth robust.
2, bending branches, pruning: Apart from saved seed branches, the required curved sticks in cream dropped Lidongben period of the sunny afternoon. Is to grow upward branches curved sticks, slowly bend down, bend to about 18 cm from the ground, shoot tips bundles of bamboo into the soil Wat. Subsequent year after the closing if bent branches and pruning the old, weak, cases, leggy, results branches cut off, and the burning and clear the park.
3, Abstract lateral buds: a year in the beginning of spring to the beginning of summer, flowering and fruiting stage, must control the tip, removal of all the new Rui to stop Abstract lateral buds when the fruit is bent down and converted to put Rui grow up to the branches for the following year's results.
(d) election flowers, and fruit. start flowering before and after
Jingzhe spend a sequence elected to stay 2 to 3 robust female flowers, and the rest take off. Fruit retention: a stay 1 to 2 fruit better, and more had to be removed.
(e) weeding, earth and sealed.
the result of the removal of plants around the weeds by hand, not with a hoe hoe, so as not to hurt the roots. Each of the five years after the kinds of bergamot, earth 1 after pruning Qing Yuan, the earth back cover, a thin layer of grass in the Orchard.
, pest and disease control (a) disease prevention and treatment methods
1, Anthrax: the major harm foliage, control methods ① combination of winter pruning, clear litter centralized burned. (2) Drug Prevention: 50% thiophanate WP can be used in the early stages, 800 ~ 1000 times 800 times; 50% Dyson ammonium agent; 60% Zineb WP 500 times.
2, ulcer disease: harmful, shoot. Control methods: (1) focus on burning leaves diseased branches. ② with the 50% tuzet wettable powder 500 to 800 times, or 0.5% of the same amount of Bordeaux mixture spraying.
3, powdery mildew: excessive humidity leaves draped layer of gray powder, in severe cases, there may be black spots. Control methods: spraying 0.2 Baume lime sulfur (plus 1% detergent). the
(b) pest control methods
1, leafminer: (1) each time pumping shoots spray the 40% Rogor 1000 times. (2) the occurrence of spray 90% crystal trichlorfon 1000 of break up liquid.
2, scale insects: ① to protect the safety of the natural enemy ladybugs winter. ② few years cut off insect sticks burned, adults appear artificial hunting. ③ Souls 1000 times control.
3, aphids: Dyson ammonium plus omethoate (hanged Rogor): 1:500 Dyson ammonium: 1:500 mixed water spraying, spray every seven days, three times in a row.
4, red spider to: ① combination of winter and spring pruning cut off victims through the leaves. The modest pruning, the Field Park air and light. The robust tree vigor, improve the anti-mites endurance. (2) Park field occurred more than stop the the cypermethrin application, bromine cyanide daisy-fat and organic phosphorus insecticide with Bordeaux mixture Pharmacy pest control, so as not to induce the large occurrence of spider mites. ③ after the occurrence of the following chemical control available: 95% Kuwana mites EC 150 times; 50% of sulfur suspension of 200 to 400 times; 73% propargite EC from 2000 to 3000 times, 400 times of colloidal sulfur spray to 2 times.
Here are several common folk prescription.
sexual taste: acrid, warm.
ingredients: containing volatile oil and orange glycosides.
function: aromatic qi, stomach and vomiting, Huatanzhike. For indigestion, thick and greasy tongue coating, chest tightness, flatulence, vomiting, coughing, and stomach pain and other neurological. the
Edit this paragraph the treatment of infectious hepatitis draw on a wide bergamot 30 grams, 9 grams Patrinia, decoction, one a day, 3 to 4 times, warm clothes. the
Edit this paragraph the treatment of infectious hepatitis in children aged 1 to 3 daily draw on a wide bergamot 10-15 g, 3 to 5 years old 15-20 g, 5 to 7 years old 20-25 g, 7 to 10 years old, 30 g; join defeat sauce grass per age increase of 1 gram. Shimizu 250 to 450 ml (1 bowl to bowl half), fried boiled for 10 to 15 minutes, in a day divided into 3 doses daily one. 7 to 10 days for a course of treatment, typically 2 to 5 courses of medication to be effective. Edit
this paragraph treatment of cough take 6 to 9 grams of Citrus medica, add water 250 ml (1 cup amount) fry until 100 ml (small bowl), daily doses, continuous medication for 5 to 7 days markedly.
edit this paragraph to treat throat infarct poor draw on a wide bergamot 30 grams, soak in a bowl with white wine, a half-hour on the pot and steam, remove and sprinkle a layer of white sugar, and cooler temperatures for a moment to eat bergamot The wine may be appropriate to drink.
edit this paragraph, the treatment of women leucorrhea excessive draw on a wide bergamot 20 grams, pig intestine is about 30 cm long, add 500 ml of water (2 bowls amount) fry until 200 ml (large bowl of volume), oral. Once a day, even for 3 to 5 days to bear fruit.