squamous cell metaplasia



squamous cell metaplasia is a partial epithelial squamous metaplasia, localized squamous cell hyperplasia, indicating low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion level, there is the possibility of precancerous lesions. Is a cytological examination, it does not represent the entire cervical histological lesions.


breast cyst is caused by what the?

(a) causes

generally believed that the incidence of this disease and the endocrine balance disorders. The main manifestations are: reduced or lack of secretion of progesterone, estrogen levels are relatively higher, so that progesterone and estrogen imbalance. In addition, hormonal stimulation of breast cells to abnormally high levels of sensitivity. The two levels of hormones in the body directly affected by pituitary hormones, pituitary hormones and therefore metabolic disorders can also cause the secretion of estrogen and progesterone imbalance, abnormal hormone to stimulate breast tissue, the ductal epithelial hyperplasia, increased cell tube , resulting in tube elongation, tortuosity, folding, folding wall at an acute angle formed by necrosis, cell wall to stop breeding, and thus the formation of cysts and wall atrophy. Content of residual cyst epithelial cells and congestion, can cause mild inflammation.

(B) the pathogenesis

cyst formation mainly by the Centre at the great expansion of peripheral catheter.

1. pathologic stage according to the literature in 1965, according to cyst size, cyst development will be divided into three stages: ① early stage; cyst diameter less than 5mm; ② transition stage; in 5 ~ 7mm; ③ late stage: cyst diameter 7mm or more, also known as cystic disease. Adenosis of the epithelial hyperplasia is much lighter than the cystic disease. Cyst entirely pathological. Cystic disease of the breast ductal hyperplasia is the source. Cystic disease in 84.7% of ductal epithelial hyperplasia. There are no known only dilatation of epithelial hyperplasia of cyst.

2. pathologic

(1) Gross morphology: clinical see large cyst was isolated, or near a large cyst multiple small cysts. Capsule containing light yellow or brown liquid bloody fluid. Wall thin, smooth, with a refractive index.

(2) morphology: microscope, a small cystic duct expansion, no obvious wall hyperplasia of lining epithelium. Increased intraluminal pressure because of large cysts lined with epithelium becomes flat, or even all shrink away. Constituted by the granulation tissue wall, common foreign body giant cell reaction or foam cell accumulation into the group. Smaller cyst epithelium is cuboidal or columnar, proliferation was not obvious. If the cyst epithelium is called papillary cystic papillary growth; nipple can be simple with no interstitial nipple, can also be developed into a fibrous vascular stroma of the complex branched papillae.


early symptoms of breast cyst what?

patients with breast lumps are often discovered accidentally.

1. clinical breast tumor and multiple cysts in both breasts is a common, multiple cysts and solitary cysts of the ratio of 3:1. Dupont of 10,542 cases of breast biopsy found that single cysts and multiple cysts in the incidence rates were 44.8% and 55.2%. Most of the large cyst isolated round, ranging from a few centimeters in diameter (Figure 1); small, multiple cysts are mostly oval, a few millimeters in diameter. Cyst edge finishing, state clearly that activities can be gradually increased, increased. More than a single serous cyst or light yellow liquid, if bloody fluid, there may be tumor capsule. Single cyst capsule may also be due to necrosis of a brown bloody fluid. X-ray examination may show due to hemosiderin and higher density.

2. mass with cystic changes in the menstrual cycle changes with the menstrual cycle increases. Increased by a small amount of fluid within the cyst, its tension is not high. For some reason, sometimes more short-term secretion of cyst fluid, the tension increased significantly. Cysts often shrink after menopause itself, occasionally disappear.

3. breast tenderness, menstrual cramps, breast tenderness, but no change in breast size.

4. the rapid growth of the rapid growth of single cyst, the patient complained of breast lumps found overnight. This point is very important in the differential diagnosis can be substantial with slow-growing differentiated fibroadenoma.

meet the following conditions can be diagnosed the disease.

1. history is short, multiple cystic palpable breast mass, often among the upper outer quadrant.

2. oval mammary tumor, clear boundary, capsule sexy obvious activity is good.

3. puncture liquid extract can be confirmed.


breast cyst ate?

breast cyst therapeutic side (the following information for reference only, details need to consult a doctor)

A Scorpion 2 only, clip on bread or cakes, once a day, seven days a course of treatment should be used in conjunction with two cycles of treatment among patients with breast cyst can rest for 2 days, ineffective, can be applied to change his method.

two, 2-3 Chixu seaweed, tofu, a breast cyst in patients with boiling soup diet. Add seasoning as usual, can add a little vinegar.

Third, hawthorn orange tea cakes: Health Hawthorn 10 grams of orange cake soaked in boiling water 7's, the tea boiling hot, then add 1-2 spoons of honey, breast simple cysts frequently eaten as tea.

four days together jujube tea, aspartic 15 grams, Albizia julibrissin 8 grams, jujube five, breast cyst patients eat tea, add a little honey.

five cactus fried liver, breast cyst patients Vegetables effective.

six, 10-15 grams of black sesame, walnut 5, breast cyst patients with 1-2 spoons of honey eaten red.

seven students Oriental Arborvitae 30 grams, 15 grams of nuclear orange, wild chrysanthemum 15 grams, etc., breast cyst patients decoction to drink.

eight eel 2-3, 3 small pieces black fungus, red dates, 10, ginger, three, add seasoning, breast cyst patients with eating stewed usual method .

breast cyst that does a body good to eat?

1, patients can eat kelp, elimination of pain, reduced mass effect.

2, more oranges, orange cake, oysters, etc. Qi Sanjie of the product.

3, heat should eat foods such as green beans, detoxification, loofah, cooling blood detoxification.

breast cyst is best not to eat those foods?

1, avoid hot, spicy food. From the Chinese medicine theory, mastitis is mainly caused due to hot Accumulation in the breast, is a yang, heat syndrome, evidence. Garlic, pepper, pepper, hot peppers and other foods taste, eat after heat of the fire will make the symptoms worse.

2, avoid hot, greasy food. Including fat, fried fritters, fried cannabis and other fried pastries.

3, eat fat objects. The so-called fat objects, is particularly likely to cause certain diseases (especially older chronic disease patients) or aggravate diseases of the food. Such as Zhu Tourou, dog, lamb, shrimp and so on.

4, eat less fats and oils, to prevent obesity, avoid using estrogen-containing drugs, do not eat chicken with estrogen-fed beef. Because these can make the breast appear hyperplasia, or hyperplasia of the breast increase.


squamous cell metaplasia should be how to prevent?

one is LEEP (for II outpatient surgery), a cold knife conization (III hospital for surgery.) listen to the doctor specific.


breast cyst treatment considerations?


1. at work, life, pay attention to proper diet, rest, avoid all causes of endocrine disorder.

2. Women should have regular breast examinations. Such as the Institute of breast self-examination, and optionally to do breast ultrasound, breast X-ray photographic inspection. Achieve early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment.

breast cyst medicine treatment


1, milk nuclear Sanjie film. Every 4, 3 times a day.

Ingredients: Bupleurum root, angelica, astragalus, turmeric, light arrowhead, Loulu, kelp, seaweed, epimedium, deer grass title.

Indications: Shugan Jieyu, Endometriosis, qi and blood circulation. For the treatment of breast cystic hyperplasia, breast pain, breast fibroadenoma, and male breast development.

Note: this service during emotional regulation should be.

2, Rupixiao capsule. Every four, three times a day. Recipe: antlers, thin the British public, kelp, TCS, Millettia, Panax, red peony, seaweed, Loulu costas, Scrophulariaceae, Cortex Moutan, Prunella, forsythia, safflower. Functions and Indications: Endometriosis, blood carbuncle, detoxification. For Rubi agglomeration, mastitis early; cystic hyperplasia and early mastitis.

3, Sarcandrae. Every three, three times a day. Chemical composition: containing volatile oils, esters, phenols, tannins, flavonoids, cyanogenic glycosides, coumarins, lactone.

Western medicine treatment of breast cyst

1. exhausted, cyst fluid, the capsule iodine contrast agent injected into the water to stimulate the wall, led wall itself closed. About 95% of the cyst can be self-closed.

2. surgery

(1) Indications:

① cyst inflated by angiography or cytology report of cyst epithelial hyperplasia or papilloma, must excisional biopsy to exclude malignant transformation possible.

② bloody fluid within the cyst, diagnosis unknown.

③ see the star in the shadow of the cyst wall or the limitations of the sediment samples suspected malignant calcification.

④ After several puncture the cyst is still not atrophy.

(2) Operation principle: according to different age groups, select the radial or curved incision as small sections and sections of breast tumor excision. Removal of tissue for routine pathological examination.


squamous cell metaplasia should be how?

colposcopic biopsy, and then sent to pathology, which can diagnose your cervical lesions.


squamous cell metaplasia is easy to confuse the symptoms with which?

symptoms of squamous cell metaplasia and the following symptoms require mutual authentication.

chronic cervicitis: is the most common gynecological diseases, especially in women who had married and the birth is more common. The disease often in childbirth, miscarriage or surgery, due to pathogen invasion caused by inflammation of the cervix. Lesions showed a chronic process of change, but change is not necessarily come from the impatient cervicitis, its clinical manifestations are as follows:

(1) increased vaginal discharge, vaginal discharge thick or was pus and blood, or bloody.

(2) because the stimulation of vaginal disease caused by genital itching, severe low back pain and lower abdominal bulge may be a sense of increased menstrual period or after sexual intercourse; defecation may also occur when anal pain, frequent urination, difficulty urinating.

(3) the local performance of the cervix in many forms, such as cervical erosion, cervical hypertrophy, cervical gland capsulitis, cervical polyps, cervical inflammation, cervical eversion, etc. .

cervical hypertrophy: chronic inflammation due to repeated long-term stimulation, the cervical tissue hyperemia, edema, and connective tissue hyperplasia.

cervical gland cyst: is chronic inflammation of the cervix, the gland and surrounding tissue block pit, the formation of retention cysts, known as cervical cyst.

colposcopic biopsy, and then sent to pathology, which can diagnose your cervical lesions.


squamous cell chemical and biological weapons-related diseases

cervical adenocarcinoma cervical cancer during pregnancy white cervical sarcoma recurrence of cancer, cervical tuberculous cervicitis

more female pelvis symptoms

intrauterine fractures leucorrhea leucorrhea Candida albicans amenorrhea amenorrhea - galactorrhea - not sterile three flat pelvis, the birth canal incomplete abortion ovulation Flat narrow birth canal birth canal laceration, hematoma, postpartum hemorrhage postpartum lochia postpartum period without a net is no longer rotten cramps productivity abnormal uterine contraction postpartum puerperal infection, postpartum lochia long-term pelvic pain