attention

来源:e.uuuwell.com

   
[Intro]

Attention is the mental activity of the person's point and concentrated on the ability of some things. "Note" is an ancient and timeless topics. The Russia educator Ushinski, brilliantly pointed out: "Note" is the only portal of our soul, consciousness is bound to go through it to come. "Pay attention to a person's mental activity outside certain things, point to and concentrated. The ability to have attention called attention.


meanings

headword : attention
the Pinyin : zhù yì lì
basic interpretation
focus on one aspect of the mind. Ba Jin "

concept definition

Note from start to finish throughout the entire mental process, only to notice certain things. , it may go to training, memory and thinking.
Note that including passive attention (also known as involuntary attention), and active attention (also known as involuntary attention).
attention is one of the five basic factors of intelligence, memory, observation, imagination, thinking power state of readiness, so attention has been called the gateway to the soul.
Note, people can focus on to clearly perceive certain things deeply about certain issues, without interference by other things; not paying attention, people of various mental factors, observation, memory, imagination, and thinking will not get some support out of control.

four quality

attention four quality, the breadth of attention, pay attention to the stability of the distribution of attention, and attention to the transfer, which is a measure of the attention is good or bad of a person sign.
1, note that stability
refers to a person in a certain period of time, relatively stable to focus attention on a particular object with the ability to That is, lectures quality; For example, when children in the lectures, most of the time in the "attention span" state or occasionally the "attention span" state. Children more knowledge breakpoint, and a direct impact on the quality of lectures.
2, the breadth of attention
scope is to look at, it refers to the number of objects that people pay attention to things at the moment, clearly aware of or know. Studies have shown that in one second, and most people can ,3-4 ,5-7 no contact with each other figure of note of the letter of the 4-6 inter-linkages with each other without contact geometry.
Of course, different people have different attention span. In general, the child's attention span than adults. However, as the child grows and constantly conscious training, pay attention to the breadth will continue to be improved.
3, pay attention to the distributive
Note the distribution of a person carrying out a variety of activities to the attention of average allocated among the activities. For example, the child reading a book, while recording the wonderful language of the book; your side of the cooking, while listening to the news.
people's attention is always limited, it is impossible what are concerned. If requested to note that that may eventually everything unnoticed. However, note that goals are familiar with or is not very complicated, but at the same time pay attention to one or several goals, and do not ignore any one target. Can do this, and also attention to the duration, so according to their actual ability, and gradually develop the ability of effective attention.
4, note that metastatic
Note the shift means a person can take the initiative, the destination in a timely manner will pay attention to the adjustment from an object or activity to another object or activity. The speed of attention is the embodiment of thinking flexibility, rapid processing of information to create the basic guarantee for the judgment. For example, the children read an interesting film, next door to the sister to the children to explain the mathematical problem-solving ideas, if the child is quickly turning their attention from the film to the problem-solving among the children's attention with metastatic
focus and divert attention two aspects of one thing. Children every day to study or work in these two states a day on a lot of lessons have different content of each class. When a language lesson concentrate on the math class can not let the attention of transferred from language lessons to the math class, math lesson to learn is compromised. Visible for students, learn to divert attention and attention to focus on the same benefits to improve academic performance.

causes

usually can not concentrate there are several reasons for the formation of
physiological reasons - because of the imperfect child brain development, excites the nervous system and inhibit the process of uneven development, and therefore self-control. This is normal, as long as the educated are successfully implemented, increase with age, most children can do to focus on.
pathological causes - children with minimal brain tissue damage, brain neurotransmitters, metabolic abnormalities, In addition, children with hearing or visual impairments will be the misconception that deaf ear and do not pay attention to listen or turn a blind eye. These cases need to be improved under the guidance of specialist treatment.
environmental reasons - a lot of candy, caffeinated drinks, or mixed with artificial colors, additives, preservatives in food will stimulate the child's emotional impact of concentrate. In addition, the child's learning environment is chaotic, noisy, interfering too much can also affect a child's attention.
Parent education ─ ─ Parents from these aspects of self-examination: ① parents rearing attitude are the same? ② too spoiled child, so that children lack a code of conduct? ③ whether to buy too many toys or books for children? (4) the pace of family life is too fast so that children can not adapt? The ⑤ home activities are too much, can not give their children a quiet environment? The ⑥ learning process for the accumulation of unpleasant experience? Example, the child level to keep up with the requirements of teachers and parents, and children when adult attention is not good to give to strengthen. The ⑦ children emotional stress? Whether too much criticism, to reprove the child?
psychological reasons ─ ─ in order to attract attention, attention, or given too heavy a burden in order to escape their parents, they subconsciously through some of the acts to achieve their goals.
We believe that ADHD and brain prefrontal related. However, the fact is, most people are plagued with ADHD due to cerebellar function properly. The study found that in the past 20 years, cerebellar hypoplasia the same symptoms of ADHD. Also found that ADHD patients with cerebellar active low by the functional scan. important manifestations

can not concentrate, not concentrate, is a very common phenomenon among students, but also the most troubled our parents

concerned about the green Junior attention status
One of the important issues. Variety of its manifestations, to summarize:
1, and restless, restless.
2, listless, distracted, or dreams, the old wander.
3, careless, sloppy, error and more.
4, procrastination, dawdling.
5, multitasking, peter, learning to work the low quality, and efficiency is not high.
6, may be severe ADD - attention disorders, or sensory integration disorders.
need to be reminded that, if the child can not concentrate, not very serious, the parents do not easily children that he was suffering from what disease. Otherwise, the improper disposal may cause more negative effects.
easily distracted: You can not concentrate on doing one thing, attention is difficult to focus on things often peter out.
learning difficulties: class and do not pay attention in class, easy to get distracted, academic instability, forgetfulness, weariness, jobs, exams often due to sloppy mistakes.
too many activities: in any situation can not be quiet, hands and feet kept constantly interrupted, to interfere with the activities of adults, usually walking rapid, often aimless loitering run around, do not listen to discourage.
wayward impulses: emotional instability, easy to change, often without hesitation to conclude, the behavior does not scruple consequences.
self-control difference: non-compliance with the regulatory order, do not listen to the instructions of teachers, parents, things that chaos as casually, everything is left unchecked, can not cooperate well with others, easily conflict with others.

attention is not concentrated harm

interpersonal tensions:

1, difficult to share items with classmates and friends or in accordance with the order to wait for, easy to conflict with others or fight violent tendencies, it is difficult to form normal friendships with classmates;
2, do not listen to Mom and Dad or the teacher's words, often repeated so that parents experience frustration and anger;
3, easily interrupted the conversation of others, without thinking of the response; can not control their own behavior according to social requirements;
4, easily misinterpreted, contempt or neglect of others to pass messages, the true meaning of poor, resulting in popularity;
5, it is easy to attract a number of fresh stimulus, the ability of resistance to temptation and interference, they are often unable to comply with the specifications and instructions, it is difficult to adapt to collective life and society;
6, interpersonal deterioration tends to affect the child's emotional health and personal health, improper handling, or even have serious psychological problems; the

school discipline and hard to constraint:

1, due to lack of self-restraint (impulse) capability, a variety of behavioral problems will gradually increase, language and behavioral impulsivity, some children with high aggressive;
2, when under pressure, will not be able to control rejection, hyperactivity is more serious;
3, can not also remember a few instructions, ideas by leaps and bounds, and often wrong or missed;
4, class, tricks and more to play with a pencil, play a rubber, pull it pull it, playing textbook tear the book, easily lead to violations, class discipline and situations such as truancy, truant tendencies; < h3> poor academic performance: 1, the attention span is shorter than other children, but easily distracted undisciplined;
2, to answer the unrealistic answer, can not describe the whole matter;
3, the academic content has been increased to a considerable level, can not keep up with progress in learning, the results gradually decline;
4, class is difficult to focus on teaching content scanty. Operating procrastination, easy to get distracted when learning, in a daze, unrelated things to attract, lead to learning and time-consuming, inefficient;
5, even before the exam book to read, very familiar with the examination Shique distracted and can not remember to, or wrong, seriously affecting the learning and test scores;
6, when acting always forgetful, often forget the school supplies on the way, learning is easy to give up halfway;

self-supporting and poor:

1 can not be completed structural or goal of activities such as housework, jobs, etc.;
2, and sometimes under no special reasons, there will be very angry tendencies;
3, self-organize, to take care of poor, often messy phenomenon;
4, lack of organizational capacity, unable to make finishing the work of rectification;
5, some children developed muscle movement is normal, but in language skills, drawing, using scissors, and other requirements of the coordinated activities of more backward;
6, continued sleep problems (sleep, often waking up, irregular sleep habits);
7, because of the inability to concentrate, easily injured due to play blind or behavior in sports and in life;

lack of confidence:

1 in the heavy academic demands, and further studies high-pressure, attention deficit hyperactivity students can easily be positioned as a problem youth, at the same time I also can not give full play to their ability, and lose interest in their studies;
2, because the self-confidence is not strong enough, and often cause problems with behavior, and finally the feeling of being isolated; not suited to long-term environment and experience frustration, loss of self-confidence, feel inferior;

improving methods

static visual at a glance
1, in your room or house looking for something, such as tables, fountain pens, desk lamp, a chair or a flowers, a distance of about 60 cm, flat front, natural blink of an eye, focus on force to watch this one object. Silently count from 60 to 90, or 1 to 1.5 minutes, while in a few silent, we should concentrate on
caused by Chi to carefully observe. Close your eyes, and strive to outline in my mind the image of the object should be described in detail, the best words to their characterization. Look again and then repeat, if wrong, to be supplemented.
2, after you train skilled, and gradually go to the more complex objects, to observe the characteristics of the surrounding things, and then recall with eyes closed. Repeat several times until every detail is seen. Horizon, the color of the clothes, the shape of the plant, the postures and movements of people, sky, cloud shapes and colors, etc. can be observed. Observation point, changing the focus of attention, as much as possible to remember the different parts of the characteristics of the complete object, and remember better. Practice of each analysis, close your eyes, the eyes of the heart fully observed, and then opened his eyes, physical control, and correct the impression of your mind, and then closed again wide open, until exactly the same. Also concerned about a shape or color in a certain environment, try to find it in other places around.
3, I suggest you then go to observe the paintings. The description and the original must be controlled, we could achieve a description of subtle and meticulous. Paintings for practice, stimulate his feelings by thinking in images generated by feelings of interest, increased by interest to the mood.
In this way, not only can improve observation, attention, and can improve memory and creativity. Production process of the new image of the hearts of you, you absorb a large number of clear visual information, and it is stored in your brain.

line as the

walking to see
at a moderate speed through your room, classroom, office, or around the room, walk around, quickly pay attention to the possible number of objects. Looking back, you can see as much detail as possible to say it is best to write out, and then control supplement.
eyes like lightning to see in their daily lives. In the blink of an eye, that is, between 01 to 04 seconds to see the items in front, and then recall its type and location; see a car speeding on the road grade, and then recall their letters, numbers; see a strange face, and then recall its characteristics; look at the roadside trees, floor, and then recall the trees the number of layers; look at the billboards, and then recall the images and text. The so-called "see and think clearly, can not only effectively exercise visual sensitivity, exercise vision and brain in an instant a strong attention, but can make you more intelligent from the inside out.

cast as the

- Tiannvsanhua
take 25-30 sized color ball, or building blocks, checkers sub-third each of red, yellow, white or other colors. They are completely mixed together, on the basin. Quickly grabbed with both hands, two, and then let go and allow them from my hand and rolled down to the sofa, or bed, on the desktop, on the ground. When they all fall quickly to see a falling object, and then turned away, and the number of each color from memory rather than speculation to write it down. Check for correct.
Repeat this exercise 10 days, and then look at your progress.

speed as

- long arms
take 50 7 cm square piece of paper, each a piece of paper above are written on a character or letter writing should be clear, neat, word side down. Playing cards can also be used. Remove the 10 eyes closed to make them face up, as far as possible scattered on the table. Eyes, a very short time, a close look at them one. Then turned and saw the word written down, relying on your memory. Then repeat this exercise, with another 10 pieces of paper. Every day such exercises three times repeated 10 days. You can find your attention has made great progress.

visual system

- panoramic view
Keep your eyes open, but not too much that it makes you feel discomfort. Total concentration, looking at the front, observe all the objects in your field of vision, but the eyes can not have a little rotation. Hold for 10 seconds after the recall to have seen things with your memory, would be best to think of objects whose names are written down for the record, not by virtue of your existing information and speculation. Repeated 10 days, changes daily observation position and vision. Will then improve your attention.
a few seconds the number of processes will generally be slower than envisaged. You can practice before adjusting the count rate. While the number of watching the second hand of the watch move around a number of seconds to an end in one minute, just the number "60", can also be a number of seconds 2-3.

Advice for parents

parents to accompany children to study is not advocated. In fact, as an authoritative source said: "Some children learn to drag is to develop good study habits, and more parents are overly concerned with their homework, and even arranged ghostwriter." Most child education experts not in favor of the parents to accompany children to school, could not help because the parents will always urged the children not to do so, but to do so. These intermittent language stimulation, the more easily dispersed the child's attention. , But also cause the child to have a strong dependence on parents.
★ parents do not bother to care about the name always dispersed the child's attention: a cut apples sent in the past, will send a glass of water or drink; one will take care to keep their distance from the eye protection a reminder to wear more clothes, beware of colds; a criticism of the child is nothing wrong, one would then praise the child is now well kind of, not only distracted the attention of the child, but also made the child upset and confused, where also can concentrate on learning?
★ give children a clear job period. Such as the kids say: you do not mind, but you must finish the job before eight o'clock, otherwise, the weekend can do nothing. Fostering children's sense of urgency, and slowly let the children form a learning law. With a clear mandate, the children learn have the power to maintain a state of tension. Of course, require that children learn, the time can not be too long, can not ask the child for a long time to do the same thing. These are all factors lead to the child can not concentrate.
★ cultivate children's interest to concentrate on the quality to improve. Let the children taste the sweetness, the vision of encouraging and rewarding measures to add interest, in order to improve the concentrate. For example, when the children time to complete the job, the parents not only from the words be commended, you can also assisted some other reward. At the same time, but also thought that the child set a hypothetical competitor, to remind him who only need to spend every night one hour to finish the job, have time to watch cartoons or something.
★ cultivate children's self-confidence to improve the concentrate quality. Self-confidence, often through more sure, more encouragement to achieve. More positive hint to avoid the negative implied, such as home
long said that our children can not concentrate "," We children always do not concentrate on the children themselves say or think "I do not concentrate on", "I can not concentrate, are very unfavorable in the culture of self-confidence.
★ for the children to create a good learning environment. Many children can not concentrate, and family environment. When children learn, parents must remain quiet. Do not let the children noted that the parents do. If parents have maintained good reading, study habits, the child can be seen and heard. In addition, pay attention to rule out the factors that interfere with the child to learn.


[Cause]

boil is caused by what the?

infection and skin dirty, scratches, high ambient temperature or lower the body resistance to infection-related. Boils can occur in any follicles of the skin area, often to the head, face, neck, armpits and buttocks so often by the friction of the parts is more common.

(a) causes

boil the pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus based, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, are also caused by the disease. Local and systemic skin's resistance to infection is reduced mainly due to Benbingfasheng, so infants, malnutrition, diabetes is a good risk of this disease. Dirty skin, skin abrasions, high ambient temperatures often lead to local infection such as the direct cause.

(B) the pathogenesis

bacteria invade the hair follicle and their sebaceous glands and sweat glands, in hair follicles and surrounding tissue multiply rapidly, producing toxins, causing local tissue degeneration, necrosis, and the center of the formation of boils, the performance of local congestion, exudation, induration. Aggregation of neutrophils to the damaged body tissue cells and bacteria to be destroyed, and he gradually necrosis and dissolution, the formation of abscesses in the dermis. Due to Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase contain toxins, so the formation of pus bolt, protruding outward. Swelling and induration clinically visible in the center of a yellow-white pus plug. This is Staphylococcus aureus infected lesion characteristics. Ulceration after discharge pus, abscess gradually by the new fibrous tissue repair and healing.

[Sign]

boil the early symptoms?

1. redness, swelling, heat, pain summary, cylindrical cone.

2. inflammation to the development of nodules increases, the pain intensified.

3. A few days later nodules central necrosis, abscess formation, dissolution, soft induration, pain relief, the central pus head most of the self-rupture, discharge pus, inflammation subsided recovery.

4. furuncle usually no obvious symptoms, but if the blood flow occurred in the rich parts of the body resistance weakened, it can cause discomfort, chills, fever, headache and loss of appetite and other symptoms of toxemia.

5. Facial Boil such as intracranial infection, facial swelling and severe, may be associated with chills, fever, headache, sinus infections and other embolization.

boil because of location, severity of different clinical manifestations may vary.

local swelling and pain sclerosis: no systemic symptoms of early disease and more, only infection redness, swelling, pain, range of not more than 2cm in diameter, small nodules gradually enlarged, as papules bulge. A few days later lesions extended about 3 ~ 5cm, nodules gradually softened, the center was white, a slight touch of the fluctuations; then ulceration pus, and the emergence of yellow-white pus plug. Pus bolt off, pus shed, the inflammation subsides and healing. There is no pus boil bolt (the so-called headless boil), since the collapse a bit late, need to find ways to promote its pus discharge (Figure 2 ).

fever, swollen lymph nodes: furuncle serious infection, the local area of ​​the lymph nodes, tenderness, and may be associated with body heat, and sometimes lymph node abscess formation.

nose, upper lip and around (called "dangerous triangle") of the surface boil, add or pushed in touch, the bacteria via the angular vein, ophthalmic vein into the brain, causing intracranial suppurative infection. At this point may have fever, headache, vomiting, consciousness disorders.

early follicular redness, swelling, heat, pain, induration. After the white purulent center, there is volatility. May be associated with systemic fever, elevated white blood cell count and differential count.

[Aftertreat]

boil ate?

therapeutic side:

1. composed of: a single head of garlic, honey, 9 grams. Usage: pound evenly wrap the affected area.

2. consists of: single head of garlic amount. Usage: Peel and slice into 2 to 3 mm, with the first affected area with warm salt water when dry wash, and then sticking garlic, and gently massage the 10 to 20 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day, 2 3 There is no more. Indications: Boil, folliculitis. Note: In severe cases, such as local irritation may reduce the massage time, a serious condition should be added to serve anti-inflammatory drugs.

3 . composed of: tea 2 grams of dried honeysuckle 1 gram. Usage: boiling water 6 minutes after each meal drink in a cup. Indications: Boil, exogenous heat.

4. composed of: fresh Malan first 100 grams, the amount of liquor. Usage: Add a little salt before blindly smashed wine Ban Cheng paste, coating the surface of the skin furuncle carbuncle. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle.

5. Composition: rosin 10 grams of white wine. Usage: rosin research to fine tune white wine into a paste, resisting heat, wrap the affected area after dissolution, for the degree of responsibility to cover all of the above and then covered with wax paper and tape securely, to enhance efficacy, can drop a few drops of wine, rosin to keep moist. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle, folliculitis.

6. smashed topical papaya leaves, swollen boil carbuncle treatment drug.

7. fresh peach leaf, plug smashed the lesion, treatment of nasal furuncle.

8. rhizome or fresh banana leaves smashed Jiao Zhi, coating the surface of the skin, cure carbuncles, boils, swelling.

9. almond powder with sesame oil paint, heat treatment boil.

10. Purple cane coal deposit of the skin, powder, paint the affected area or sesame oil dressing, boil carbuncle treatment, stomatitis , eczema.

11. raw taro add a little salt, smashed drunk wrap the affected area twice a day replacement, bones can cure pain, swelling of unknown drugs, pediatric head hot boil, finger boil.

12. raw loofah (or leaf), smashed juice, coated surface of the skin, soak sore treatment days, yellow water sores, heat boils, urticaria .

13. mung bean sugar kelp: seaweed 60 grams, shredded, green beans, 150 grams, with the soup, add brown sugar to taste food. There Sedative, diuretic, soft-kin, Phlegm, scattered gall tumor effect. For hypertension, beriberi edema, neck lymphadenopathy, simple goiter, prickly heat boils hot summer day in children poison, phlegm cough embolism.

14. yi melon soup: melon (not peeled) 500-600 g, yi 50-100 grams of soup. Can be flavored with sugar or salt, on behalf of the tea used, heat, hot weather, diuretic, dehumidification effect. Drugs for Rush boils, eczema athlete's foot, yellow urine deficient.

15. Daozhi raw turnip, vinegar and rub the affected area transfer, heat treatment boil.

16. green beans 30 grams of powder, each 10 grams, water delivery service, boils cure breast swelling and pain.

17. failure to adopt the open rose 3 - 5 朵 wash, add water, two pregnant, suffering from a cup of low heat, ice sugar 30 grams, made of rose soup, until the temperature dose, to cure blood stasis amenorrhea, boils Chung pain, traumatic swelling and pain.

18. boils and pus ulceration of the skin sore or eczema, rinse with water, tea, allow the wound clean and promote healing.

19. a white sweet potato, peeled and chopped, smashed, can also be added with the same amount of fresh Houttuynia smashed, spreads in the affected area, apply to the local heating that line replace (about two three hours long), and even apply a few days more, boils cure mastitis.

20. soybeans amount, turn on the water immersed soft, add a little alum were smashed drunk, external surface of the skin, swollen boils boil treatment.

21. adzuki beans with water until soft, mash with water or vinegar, or honey or egg amount, into a paste, external surface of the skin, cure mumps, hot boil.

22. Kapok 30 - 50 grams of sugar amount, fry a bowl with water and drink two bowls and a half. Favorable moisture, heat effect. For enteritis, urethritis, eczema, summer boil embolism.

23. fresh buckwheat leaves 60 grams, Shuijianbi day one; or fried yellow noodles with the vinegar into a paste, applied to the lesion, sooner or later be replaced. Governance sore, swollen boils, erysipelas, mastitis, and swelling of unknown drugs.

appropriate patients to eat what?

1, edible grapes plus zinc salt or zinc, other foods such as soy, sunflower seeds, wheat bran, yeast, brown sugar and so on.

2, Yi Shi taste light, the cold food, such as Malan head, purslane, melon, red and white radish, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, mung bean, red bean, lily, chrysanthemum brain and celery.

patients unfit to eat what?

not eat ginger, pepper and other spicy foods , as well as mustard, yellow croaker, shrimp, crab, chicken head, goose, Zhu Tourou so fat objects.

should avoid fried foods and meat, edible oil cans.

data only refer to the specific, please ask a doctor.

[Prevent]

how to prevent boils?

boil is born of acute suppurative superficial skin disorders, widely available health, children, young people more common. "Surgical management case" that: "boil persons, birth processes, floating red rootless feet, swollen found in the skin, only the width of an inch, there is less pain, a few days later Microsoft, thin peel, the beginning of the blue water, the latter from breaking the pus out of. "The disease occurs in the summer and autumn, protruding roots shallow, swelling potential limitations, lift the red pain, mostly in the range of about 3cm, easily swollen, easy to collapse, Yi Lian. Early can be divided into a head, without the first two kinds of general light and easy to cure the symptoms, so the saying goes, "no boil the size of a pus like." ;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; But also due to the formation of improper treatment or care "mole cricket boils," or repeated seizures, lack of disunion. Multiple furunculosis ", is difficult to cure.

[Treat]

boil precautions before treatment?

attention to the skin clean, timely replacement of underwear and avoid skin injuries, especially in the summer, to bathe, wash your hair, hair, changing clothes, nails, children in particular should pay attention. With honeysuckle and wild chrysanthemum Jiantang tea. Boil the surrounding skin should be kept clean and coated with 70% alcohol to prevent infection spread to nearby hair follicles.

boil Chinese medicine treatment methods

total boil caused by the toxic heat treatment to detoxify the basic principles.

A Differential Treatment:

1. Heat toxin Accumulation card: lesion processes, such as cone, burning pain, or fever, thirst, tongue pink, yellow fur, rapid pulse. Detoxification. Flavors disinfection decoction.

2. Shushi heat Melancholia: seen in summer and autumn, the affected area, such as agglomeration cone, single or multiple, burning pain, chest tightness, anorexia, deficient urination, red tongue, greasy or yellowish, veins slippery. Qingshu dampness, detoxification swelling. Qingshu Decoction.

3. Is virtual evil love cards: distributed in the body, local color dark red, pus scarce, one after another, delayed healing, with fever, irritability, thirst, or fatigue, limb soft, red tongue thin yellow, rapid pulse. Righting detoxification. Liu Wei Di Huang Decoction.

Second, external treatment and other treatment:

1. The beginning of detoxification should be swelling, moderate to henbane, water reconcile, wrap the affected area. Or wishful golden powder for external application. Or green cream Waicha.

2. Pus, the clip bolt out the pus.

3. Unhealed after the collapse, sores can be a little ninety-one Dan to drugs or drug line twist into sores, topical berberine gauze.

4. Oral Meihuadianshe Dan, Niuhuangjiedu, Fang Feng Tong Sheng Wan, Liushen other medicine.

5. Unilateral prescription: Silver Flower 30g, licorice 10g, decoction, on behalf of the tea.

Western boil treatment

1. Local treatment, such as heat, physical therapy, 10% ichthyol coated ointment. Facial Boil should rest in bed should not squeeze or prick Boil, so as not to spread to the brain.

2. Swelling or have a large range of obvious symptoms, should give systemic antibiotics (third-generation cephalosporin antibiotics).

3. The formation of abscess, incision and drainage should be timely but should be avoided Boil the face cut.

(a) treatment

1. The principles of early treatment to promote inflammation subsided, after early drain purulent pus; timely elimination of systemic adverse reactions.

2. Local treatment

(1) Physical therapy: early, ultraviolet micro-irradiation, can promote local anti-inflammatory, to prevent proliferation. Swelling stage, the selection of FM, infrared and other heat, promote Boil liquid. 2 to 3 times / d, 20 ~ 30min / times.

(2) Drug eraser: 0.5% povidone-iodine scrub, the drug not only for skin irritation, and the role of long-lasting, no pigmentation. Can also be used erythromycin, tetracycline ointment.

(3) topical cream: local swelling and a small pustules, use ichthyol, wishful golden powder, Gyokuro powder and so on.

(4) incision and drainage: Boil into pus, nodules soften, a sense of volatility, you can make a small incision drainage or fire needle drainage. Taboo squeeze purulent lesions.

(5) to keep local clean and dry: adhere to local skin cleaning, daily showers are the best conditions. Young children with skin, topical lip after taking a bath in summer, to avoid the formation of multiple Boil.

3. Systemic treatment usually does not require systemic treatment of boils. But facial boils or accompanied by chills, fever, headache, general malaise, etc., should be given antibiotics. Clinical observations and experimental results show that the efficacy of penicillin, cephalothin, cefazolin and amikacin better effect.

(B) the prognosis

generally good prognosis after active treatment, without sequelae.

[Examine]

boil should be how?

1. Peripheral blood

(1) white blood cell count: fever, elevated WBC count may have.

(2) white blood cell count: white blood cell count was elevated often accompanied by increased neutrophils .

2. diabetes check

(1) fasting plasma glucose measurement: two fasting blood glucose were increased, should consider the possibility of diabetes.

(2) glycated serum protein: This clinical trial is not the impact of fluctuations in blood glucose higher than normal to help the diagnosis of diabetes.

(3) glycosylated hemoglobin: glycosylated hemoglobin and blood glucose were positively correlated, and the irreversible reaction. Diabetes is often higher than the normal 2 to 3 times.

3. bacteriologic

(1) bacterial culture: the multiple, repeated infections, abscesses can be extracted directly pus for bacterial culture, positive results will help the diagnosis of pathogens.

(2) drug susceptibility testing: bacterial culture in the pus, while line drug susceptibility testing can provide the scientific basis of clinical drug treatment.

[Diff]

boil diseases easily confused?

1. Multiple sweat gland abscesses are summer disease, more common in infants and young children and frail mother's head, forehead, etc .. Lesions of multiple subcutaneous abscesses. Surface tenderness, inflammation lighter. No pus bolt, left scars. Usually accompanied by a lot of prickly heat. Generally known as prickly heat poison. It was also known as pseudo furunculosis (Pseudofurunculosis).

2. Hidradenitis suppurativa common in young women, lesions of the skin induration. Subcutaneous abscess formation, followed by skin redness, swelling, heat, pain, ulceration scarring. Lesions occur in the armpits, groin, genital and perianal, umbilical, etc.

3. acne acne mild infection, red, swollen, painful, but the disease is small, the top a little bit like creamy.

4. sebaceous cysts sebaceous cyst infection are redness, swelling, pain, but the previous round has been painless mass over an extended period , the epidermis as usual.

5. carbuncle carbuncle with redness, swelling, pain, but there are several hair follicle infection, lesions larger than the boil.

[Disease]

hump-related diseases

juvenile osteochondrosis of vertebral osteoporosis youth sexual hump sore scoliosis ankylosing spondylitis vitamin D deficiency disease

more back symptoms

small blisters appear back back pain back spasms, back pain does not have subtle linen spine back pain sinus pain Road with sensory ataxia spinal nerve root damage spinal cord hemisection syndrome, spinal cord lesions of hemorrhagic infiltration of the spinal cord injury spinal cord infarction, cauda equina involvement across the spinal cord within the spinal cord gliosis in the spinal cord anterior horn of the spinal cord lesion cavity formed spinal thalamic tract compression