stomach

来源:e.uuuwell.com

   
[Intro]

Overview: so-called stomach, in fact, many of diseases collectively. They have similar symptoms, such as epigastric abdominal discomfort, pain, fullness after meals, heating, back acid, and even nausea, vomiting, and so on. Common clinical acute stomach gastritis, chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, gastric and duodenal compound ulcers, gastric polyps, stomach stones, benign and malignant stomach, and gastric mucosal prolapse syndrome, acute gastric dilatation, pyloric obstruction.

[Cause]

stomach is what causes it?

stomach is a multi-cause diseases, such as genetic, environmental, food, drugs, bacteria, and smoking, excessive drinking can cause stomach problems. These factors can lead to excessive secretion of gastric acid damage the stomach, duodenum protective layer, resulting in ulcers. Modern theory: Helicobacter pylori in the stomach of the main reasons.

stomach causes

Specifically, gastritis (chronic) can cause the following five areas:

1, acute gastritis, gastric mucosal injury after lasting healing.

2, H. pylori infection.

3, a long drink alcohol, tea, espresso, eating spicy and rough food, smoking and other irrational habits.

4, often taking on the gastric mucosa damage and irritant drugs such as aspirin, indomethacin, corticosteroids, anticancer drugs and so on.

5, a number of chronic diseases such as chronic nephritis, uremia, severe diabetes.

cause of gastric and duodenal ulcers

cause of gastric and duodenal ulcers can have the following seven areas:

1, an increase in gastric acid and pepsin secretion, enhanced erosion, which in the pathogenesis of ulcers occupy a very important position. There is a saying in the past, called the acid that is no ulcer.

2, gastric mucosal barrier (ie, the protective layer) is damaged. Digestive tract of bile, pancreatic juice, duodenal fluid counter-flow of the stomach that some drugs (such as aspirin, indomethacin, phenylbutazone, hydrocortisone in a loose, etc.) can cause gastric and duodenal mucosal barrier damage, caused ulcers.

3, H. pylori infection. In recent years, studies have found that Helicobacter pylori (HP) can cause inflammation of the gastric antrum, and gastric ulcer and gastritis on the basis of always occur. So now there is a saying called non-HP is no ulcer.

4, genetic factors. Now that the incidence of this disease and genetic factors, especially male relatives in the incidence rate is higher than most people, sometimes you can see some of the family who are suffering from generations of peptic ulcer disease.

5, bad habits, such as addicted to tobacco and alcohol, eat too much and too spicy food, spicy food, may become the incentive for peptic ulcer.

6, mental or emotional factors. Long period of psychological stress and anxiety, depression and other emotions, excessive long-term mental, not pay attention to work and rest, the disease will become an inducement to or made it worse.

7, certain diseases, such as gastrinoma, primary hyperparathyroidism, cirrhosis, emphysema, renal insufficiency, and intestinal removal of excess patients may have risk of ulcer disease.

[Sign]

What are the early symptoms of stomach?

gastritis symptoms can also be very heavy very light, the most common are upper abdominal discomfort or pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite. Symptoms of gastric and duodenal ulcers, compared with burning pain in upper abdomen, especially in between meals, breakfast or drinking orange juice, coffee or aspirin after the place. In severe cases, it may have tar, black stools or bloody stools.

[Aftertreat]

stomach ate?

A diet stomach side (following information is for reference only, details need to consult a doctor)

1. 100 fresh potatoes grams, 10 grams of ginger juice plus fresh orange juice 30 ml and mix thoroughly, heat the cup of hot water, warm day for 30 ml, for neurosis of stomach pain, nausea and vomiting.

2. 60 grams of rice, Amomum fine 5 grams. Add water, rice porridge, porridge is good after the end of Amomum transferred, then boil 1 to 2 immediately after opening. Sooner or later take. This side of the Deficiency stomach pain, fullness, vomiting and effective.

3. 3 to 5 fresh ginger, brown sugar, boiling water, steep in hot, hot Beverage, taken after serving Weihan. Fan Wei's stomach for the cold.

4. green onions 3 to 4 sections, 3 to 5 ginger, black pepper amount of white to boiling water; or on the fire to cook onions, ginger moment, service dissecting a small amount of salt seasoning, add black pepper, hot water boiling water.

for the stomach due to feelings of cold.

5. cinnamon 6 grams, 10 grams of meat hawthorn, brown sugar 30 grams. First with water to cook and then into the cinnamon Hawthorn, Hawthorn will be cooked heat, filter juice into the brown sugar, mix thoroughly hot clothes. Used for cold food, stick-slip caused by too much stomach.

6. 100 grams of rice, beef and pine 25 grams (or other floss). The rice porridge with regular method, add floss and mix thoroughly with hot water. For the spleen and stomach Deficiency-induced.

7. bergamot 20 grams Jiantang to slag, 100 grams of rice, add water, porridge, porridge, add rock sugar into the soup Shaozhu can bergamot. 2 times a day. This side of chronic gastritis, Stomach pain has a good effect.

8. 250 grams of fresh lean lamb, cut into small pieces first boiled, then the same with rice porridge.

daily for 2 times. Deficiency of this party rule stomach pain, loss of middle-aged deficiency, yang deficiency, cold chills, epigastric pain.

9. hawthorn slice 15 grams, fried malt 20 grams. Steep bubble with water until the bubble open, add sugar, cup of tea frequently Beverage. For the spleen and stomach Deficiency.

10. 100 to 150 ml honey, steam cooked, on an empty stomach 1 dose before eating. 3 times a day, take 2 to 3 weeks. Honey can reduce the total acidity of gastric juice, pain, stool is normal. For duodenal ulcer.

11. 5 grams of black tea, honey, sugar amount. Will be placed in cold black tea cup with boiling water, cover and soak for 10 minutes and then add honey and brown sugar, hot Beverage Service. Day 3. Treatment of duodenal ulcer.

12. 250 g ginger, red dates 250 grams lard 250 grams flour 250 grams.

to wash and wipe dry ginger, red dates together and fried crisp with a pig after the research is fine, the amount of water and mix thoroughly with flour and made into tortillas, steamed two days after eating to do. A temperature in the spleen, antispasmodic analgesic effect. For duodenal ulcer, uniforms and effective.

13. fresh cabbage, caramel amount. Wash the cabbage with cold water after the mash, home sterile gauze Jiao Zhi. Daily morning and evening meals, take 1 cup of fresh cabbage juice, caramel amount of heating after adding Beverage Service. 2 times a day, every 10 days for treatment. There is heat pain, and promote ulcer healing. For gastric and duodenal ulcer. Early efficacy.

Second, what does a body good stomach to eat?

1, Vitamin C: Vitamin C has a protective effect on stomach , to maintain normal gastric juice vitamin C content, can play an effective function of the stomach, the stomach to protect the stomach and enhance disease resistance. Therefore, to eat foods rich in vitamin C, vegetables and fruits.

2, gastroesophageal reflux disease is mainly due to the lower esophageal can not function properly, counter-flow of gastric juice esophagus. These patients should not eat food with chocolate, coffee, spicy, mint, citrus, tomatoes, and onions, whole milk, edible foods are high protein (eggs), fiber-containing foods (vegetables, cereals), easy to digest rice and so on.

3, functional dyspepsia usually should be light-based foods, may be appropriate to drink fresh fruit juice, cereal and millet gruel and so on.

4, gastric or duodenal ulcers and other stomach can eat easily digestible, nutrient-rich foods such as whole grains, soy milk, tofu, eggs, fish, tender meat, animal liver so as to reduce gastric acid irritation of the gastrointestinal mucosa.

Third, the stomach is best not to eat what food?

1, stomach people should quit smoking, alcohol, coffee, tea, carbonated drinks (soft drinks), hot and sour, spicy food, these are the most Shang Wei.

2. eat less fried food: not easy to digest because the food will increase the burden on the digestive tract, eating can cause indigestion, but also to increased blood lipids, for health.

3. eating pickled foods: These foods contain more salt and some may be carcinogenic, should not eat.

4. eat cold food: cold food on the gastrointestinal mucosa has a strong stimulating effect, likely to cause diarrhea or gastrointestinal inflammation.

[Prevent]

stomach should be how to prevent?

stomach but also clever care, targeted medication, bearing in mind the science of life can restore a healthy body.

first: eating regular meals: gastric acid secretion with a certain regularity, that is, three meals a day at the peak of secretion, eat snacks, make the work of stomach disorders, damage to the gastric acid secretion of normal rhythm, a long time can lead to stomach, so the diet should be three meals a day, not too much to eat snacks. Meal of food intake should be moderate, hunger or too rice, or hungry, eat uneven diet, the normal operation of stomach disorders caused the indigestion, therefore, should develop a regular, regular good hygiene practices when eating.

second, to promote smoking cessation and moderate alcohol consumption. If you already have digestive disorders, alcohol and tobacco should quit immediately. Smoking can stomach the blood vessels, reducing blood supply to the stomach, while inhibition of gastric mucus secretion and increased gastric mucosal damage; moderate drinking low-alcohol wine, can increase blood flow to the stomach blood vessels, but excessive medical education network collected ` alcohol can directly damage the gastric mucosal barrier, causing mucosal congestion, edema, erosion, and even bleeding, therefore, may be appropriate to drink wine, beer, wine and other low-alcohol wine.

Third, pay attention to food hygiene and protect "the mouth" off. After they do, washing hands before meals. Raw fruits should be washed clean. On the pathogenic bacteria to avoid food contamination. Do not eat bad, moldy food.

Fourth, do not damage the gastrointestinal disorder drug service. RA treatment of common cold and some medicines such as aspirin, indomethacin, phenylbutazone, paracetamol, prednisone, etc., damage the gastric mucosal barrier, or to stimulate gastric acid and pepsin secretion, reduced gastric mucosa protection, can lead to stomach. Therefore, we should try to do less damage to gastric irritation with drugs, if the condition requires long-term use stimulating drugs should be taken after meals to reduce its stimulating effect on the stomach, while taking mucosal protective agents such as Jing Wei Kang spent capsules.

[Treat]

stomach Precautions before treatment?

Prevention: In China, the proportion of patients with stomach is very high. At present there is little in the treatment of cure, so prevention of stomach, self nursed back to health becomes more important.

First, the law of the diet. Some in the diet can not control themselves, encountered on Mengchi delicious meal does not taste of the meal hungry, so easily lead to gastric motility disorders, thereby enabling the vagus nerve plexus within the gastric wall and hyperthyroidism, to promote the secretion of gastric juice, over time there will be gastritis or gastric ulcer. Therefore, the diet should be regular meals, do not overeat.

has emerged for the stomach, the diet should pay attention. Try to make regular meals, regular consumption of 5-6 times per day, eating less, can reduce the burden on the stomach, to avoid excessive expansion of the stomach; meals more often, there is often a small amount of food the stomach can, to neutralize stomach of excess stomach acid. Sick people are the best eating nutritious, and easy to digest soft foods such as noodles, rice, milk, etc., if qualified, can also eat honey, because honey can inhibit gastric acid secretion, and promote ulcer healing function.

In addition, patients usually can not stomach to eat snacks, otherwise it would increase gastric motility, and promote gastric acid secretion, aggravation of gastric ulcers.

Second, pay attention to food hygiene. Meal must ponder over the slow pharynx, the food in the mouth full of die-cut and mixed with saliva, which can reduce the burden on the stomach, the food easier to digest. In addition, minimal eating spicy food, not drinking and smoking. Tobacco and alcohol are very harmful to the stomach. Nicotine in tobacco stimulation of the stomach, the stomach contents it will discharge delay, and thus lead to increased gastric acid secretion, causing gastritis, peptic ulcer exacerbations. Drinking, especially drinking on an empty stomach in patients with gastric damage is even greater, because the wine has a very large ethanol on gastric stimulation, gastric irritation occurs after a strong contraction, expansion and other sports, is quite likely to cause stomach bleeding or parts of the gastric ulcer perforation, resulting in life-threatening.

again, eat less irritating to the stomach of the drug. Long-term use of gastric irritant drugs such as erythromycin, prednisone, etc., can cause gastric mucosal injury and inflammation or ulcers. Therefore, do not irritating to the stomach long-term use of drugs. If occasionally eat these drugs should also eat a meal. If conditions allow, the best use of Chinese herbal medicine have the same effect.

four is to keep happy. The spirit of the stomach is healthy and has a lot of factors. Excessive mental stimulation, such as long-term stress, fear, sadness, depression, and this will lead to cortical dysfunction, promotion of the vagus nerve dysfunction, spastic contraction of blood vessels leading to the stomach, and then induced gastritis, gastric ulcer. Therefore, always happy, cheerful, strong-willed, and able to escape from their predicament.

stomach medicine treatment

traditional Chinese medicine:

high incidence of chronic gastritis, treatment with traditional Chinese medicine efficacy and stability, side effects, etc., while taking the medicine because of convenience and more popular, but the dialectical use of proprietary Chinese medicines must have a good effect.

◆ spleen and stomach symptoms: pain visible epigastric fullness, anorexia, abdominal distention after eating, fatigue, pale tongue, white, weak pulse. Spleen should choose ginseng pills, Xiangshayangwei balls.

◆ stomach cold syndrome: visible epigastric pain, warmth hi, fasting Tong Shen, to eat less pain, cold extremities, loose stools, pale tongue or side of a Indented, pulse or later. Should choose Aconite Pill, good with pills, granules Wenweishu (capsules, oral solution), etc.

◆ food stagnation card: visible stomach pain, abdominal distention, ai rot Tunsuan or spit food, bad food, even after eating, fasting, vomiting after eating or vector gas Less pain, diarrhea stool smell foul or unhappy, or thick yellow fur greasy or real. Should choose hawthorn pills, security and pills (oral), citrus aurantium Daozhi pill, aloe stagnation pills, stomach and digestion tablets.

◆ stomach yin deficiency symptoms: stomach pain faintly visible, hunger to know do not eat, dry mouth and throat, dry stool. Tongue, little coating or optical net without coating, rapid pulse. Should select the stomach capsule, granules, etc. Polygonatum.

◆ Fan Wei qi card: visible chest abdominal swelling, nausea, attack stays ache, stomach pain even threatened, frequent belching, poor stool, and all evidence associated with emotional factors, or a pharyngeal foreign body sensation. Thin white tongue fur, pulse string. Should choose spearheading, liver and stomach pills, stomach Su granules, granules Qizhiweitong (film), Sanjiuweitai and so on.

◆ hepatogastric swelter card: visible epigastric burning, pain more acute situation, irritability, pantothenic acid noisy, mouth pain, dry mouth, constipation, red tongue, yellow, veins of the strings. Should choose Danzhi spearheading, Qingwei berberine pills, gastritis capsules, flavored Zuojinwan and so on.

◆ wet storm stomach cards: visible epigastric fullness, uncomfortable, eat less and tasteless, nausea, vomiting, belching Tunsuan, top-heavy body sleepy, lazy addicted to lying, more loose stools , pale, greasy moss, pulse slow or slippery. Should choose a flat stomach Xiangsha particles (pills), Huo Xiang Zheng Qi Wan (water, capsule), powder, etc. SHENLINGBAISHU.

◆ heat each end card: visible epigastric burning pain, swelling, nausea, mouth pain, dark urine, red tongue (sharp edges dark red), thick yellow or greasy moss, pulse slippery. Mannose disinfection should choose Dan, stomach pain tablets and so on.

◆ bleeding resistance card: visible epigastric pain, tingling, or cut, sore and refused to press, after eating Tong Shen, vomiting blood or have black, dark tongue or petechiae point, pulse astringent. Optional gold Buddha pain pills, incense Shu Qi Wan, Yuan Hu and other painkillers. Note that, when the various syndromes and miscellaneous occurs, medicine should be combined.

stomach Western medicine treatment

drug therapy:

one, antacids: for the treatment of hyperacidity, gastric and duodenal ulcer disease most commonly used drug, with sodium bicarbonate (commonly known as baking soda), aluminum hydroxide gel, calcium carbonate, hydroxide, 10% magnesium, and composite agents such as stomach almost comfortable, cover flat stomach, the stomach will cure stomach was happy (which mainly contain antacid). These drugs must be taken at meal 1-1.5 hours, so that buffer can be maintained for up to 3-4 hours, such as the meal is served immediately efficacy can only be maintained for about 1 hour. Another example is the effect when the increase was not obvious without having to increase the number of medication doses each medication, bedtime plus 1 second. Such as aluminum hydroxide gel three times a day, each 10 ml, such as symptom relief is not obvious can be changed 4 times a day, each is still 10 ml. Note Weishuping, cover flat stomach is chewing agent, chew after the dose effect.

Second, the anti-cholinergic drugs: used atropine, Prune benzene Sim, glycopyrrolate, the stomach Huan, stomach security, anti-cholinergic drugs are generally only application with antacids, one with poor results. Medication, preferably 15-30 minutes before a meal, the dosage can cause dry mouth should be just for the degree, such as benzene Sim Prune three times a day, every one. Note that glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy, a reflux stomach, bronchitis, due to service these drugs can aggravate the disease, should avoid using these drugs.

three Cimetidine: duodenal ulcer disease, especially significant efficacy, rapid onset of analgesic effect stronger. This medicine is best taken with food, daily breakfast, dinner each serving a second, each one, before going to sleep and then take two. Elderly patients, the drug should not be long-term use, should be under the guidance of a doctor, master correct medication, the drug was safe and effective.

four proglumide: a better treatment for the ulcer drug, orally 3-4 times a day, every 2, dose 15 minutes before meals. Even for 30-60 days. Withdrawal time should be based on endoscopy or X-ray examination to determine, should be prescribed.

five, metoclopramide (metoclopramide), domperidone: for the treatment of abdominal distension, nausea, vomiting, better drugs, 3 times a day, every 1 - 2 before meals. Note metoclopramide with atropine or not while taking Prune benzene Sim, otherwise the effect will be reduced.

six, serving only rather: the drug can reduce the gastric and duodenal ulcers in patients with symptoms such as stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and indigestion. 1-2 tablets 3 times a day for each meal served.

[Examine]

stomach should be how?

common laboratory tests include: blood test, urine, feces three conventional, as well as fecal occult blood test, parasites, microbiological examination, urine bilirubin, urobilinogen examination, serum bilirubin, self-antigen or (and) antibody, carcinoembryonic antigen, gastrin, pancreatic secretin were determined.

morphology are: X-ray barium meal examination, X-ray computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging.

other: measuring esophagus PH, pressure checks, cytology and biopsy, endoscopy, ultrasound, radionuclide examination, etc. The stomach has recently been carried out genetic testing, especially in cancer, can predict prognosis and therapeutic effect.

[Diff]

stomach diseases easily confused?

1, chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer easy concurrent ulcer disease, gastritis, ulcer usually is basically in place. The incidence of gastric ulcer and diet, occupation, smoking, genetic factors, and pyloric sphincter dysfunction or bile reflux, etc., is causing an increase in gastric acid secretion and gastric mucosal barrier damage will occur gastritis in the formation of ulcers on the basis of further .

2, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, upper gastrointestinal bleeding is the most common complication of peptic ulcer. Peptic ulcer is the most common cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. Ulcer disease not treated, or overeating, alcohol abuse, overwork, and improper use of medicines, can make the bleeding.

3, acute perforated acute ulcer perforation is a deep muscular and serosal layers and suddenly pierced the stomach, causing stomach or duodenal fluid into the abdominal cavity, caused by diffuse peritonitis.

4, pyloric or pyloric ulcer duodenal obstruction due to inflammation, edema, pyloric spasm, gastric mucosal scar contraction of the vertical or pyloric stenosis, food by blocking who called pyloric obstruction.

5, after gastrectomy bile reflux gastritis after gastrectomy bile reflux gastritis, gastric resection is due to pyloric dysfunction, resulting in bile reflux and concurrent of gastritis.

6, cancer

[Disease]

bacteriuria related diseases

pyelonephritis associated with diabetes, the urine of uveitis by the line of fine sense of uremic cardiomyopathy urinary tract infection in low back pain - hematuria Uremic pericarditis in uremic coma syndrome and urinary bladder results Shixing Jun hemoglobinuria urinary tract cancer skin metastasis paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria

more pelvic symptoms

β-amino acids in urine of malignant ureteral stricture white mucus-like amino aciduria in urine white blood cell in urine white asphalt urinary bladder residual urine volume will increase bladder irritation bladder dysfunction, bladder tuberculosis, bladder spasm bladder incomplete emptying of the bladder bulging bladder capacity, reduced bladder diverticulum bladder fibrosis fistula with detrusor instability detrusor hyperreflexia