Overview: epinephrine (adrenalin) and norepinephrine (noradrenalin) First Aid for the commonly used drugs, overdose can cause poisoning. Small number of patients on the adrenaline high sensitivity, although the dose can also occur with adverse reactions. Previous hyperthyroidism and cardiovascular disease in children, compared to the adrenaline-sensitive, prone to cause poisoning.[Cause]
adrenaline poisoning is caused by what the?
adrenaline poisoning Early symptoms?
misuse of excessive adrenaline, there may be nausea, vomiting, pale, tachycardia, chest pressure, ventricular premature beat, increased blood pressure, muscle tremors, gait instability, chills, fever, sweating, mydriasis, asthmatic breathing, convulsions, etc. sharp rise in blood pressure when there are pulsating headache, often sick children with severe pulmonary edema, ventricular fibrillation, cerebral hemorrhage, coma, heart and respiratory center paralysis.
norepinephrine side effects and toxicity similar to adrenaline, misuse, overdose can cause a wide range of vascular spasm, sick children pale, bluish extremities, headache, nausea , vomiting, abdominal pain, sweating, and ventricular or supraventricular premature beats, sinus bradycardia, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation and so on. persistent excess can affect the central nervous system and heart, kidney and other major organs of blood circulation, ischemic symptoms appear and function of each system damage, increase the level of the original shock. If leakage of liquid at the intravenous injection, and the application of high concentrations of liquid, the injection site may occur extremities and necrosis, shock, sick children more likely to arise because of local drug arrest this phenomenon.[Aftertreat]
adrenaline poisoning ate?[Prevent]
epinephrine should be how to prevent poisoning?
when the FDA should be noted contraindications, not to abuse or excessive use, but not to merge the two applications. 1:1000 adrenaline for subcutaneous, intravenous, in infants and young children every 0.2 ~ 0.3ml, should not exceed 0.4ml, children should not exceed 0.5ml, can be reused in about half an hour. Intravenous injection must be slow, and to nine-fold diluted saline application. Do not make norepinephrine subcutaneously or intramuscularly, so as not to cause local necrosis; can not be directly used the concentrated solution for intravenous injection, must be 5% to 10% glucose solution or saline diluted to 1 ~ 2mg/dl other or more These thin, slow intravenous drip.[Treat]
adrenaline poisoning precautions before treatment?
symptoms occur, immediate withdrawal. Overdose, immediately above the temporary ligation at the injection site tourniquet to slow drug absorption. High blood pressure may make use of quick vasodilator drugs such as amyl nitrite inhalation or sublingual nitroglycerin; or discretion with phenoxybenzamine 0.5 ~ 1mg/kg, plus 5% glucose solution at 250 ~ 500ml in intravenous drip. Can also be used phentolamine, following with wintermine maintain antihypertensive effect. Moderately elevated blood pressure and heart rate, can be used reserpine. If ventricular fibrillation, defibrillation or drugs should be promptly defibrillation; ineffective when used artificial pacemaker. If local leakage of noradrenaline or early necrosis, can be 0.5% to 1% procaine solution 5 ~ 10ml in necrosis at the top or around the leak for partial closure; can also be used tolazoline 10 ~ 25mg or phentolamine 5mg dissolved in 1% procaine or saline within 10 ~ 20ml for partial closure, if added hyaluronidase 1000 ~ 1500u, better. While protecting the wound from infection.
adrenaline poisoning should be how?
adrenaline poisoning diseases easily confused?
major class of drug poisoning and other anti-shock phase identification. dopamine toxicity, mainly nausea, vomiting, tachycardia, arrhythmia, dyspnea, headache embolism; metaraminol poisoning, mainly fear, headache, irritability, anxiety, skin flushing, sweating, trembling, nausea, vomiting, limb weakness , pallor, chest pain, palpitations, a small moving too fast or too slow, decreased urine output, metabolic acidosis, high blood sugar.[Disease]
glossopharyngeal nerve injury may be caused by the diseases?
glossopharyngeal nerve injury-related diseases
more other symptoms
"frozen" phenomenon "three fears" (water, sound, light 21 - hydroxylase deficiency igm antibodies sm accumulation increased belching physical scars, daytime sleepiness, nighttime insomnia leukocyte increased leukocyte infiltration of leukemia cells to reduce the signs of sepsis, galactosemia failure to keep hold of sleep disorders overeating addiction passive position paranoia rage stolen or hypochondriacal delusions
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