Aversion therapy, or offensive condition method is a specific behavioral therapy. Which reads: want to get rid of the target behavior (or symptoms) combined with something unpleasant or punitive stimulation, through offensive conditioning, and reach to quit or at least is the purpose of reducing the target behavior.
called[nickname]: antagonistic conditioned reflex therapy
[also known as: the obnoxious Conditions Act
Introductionmodern clinical psychiatrist also use this method to help people stop drinking, alcohol service tartar emetic, or injection of apomorphine, emetine, impending nausea, alcohol drinking. So once a day, 7 to 10 times until the alcoholics, drug use and pure drinking nausea aversion only wine. Namely the conditioned reflex has been fully established, the subsequent year can still be for 1 or 2 times to consolidate treatment. 4096 cases and alcohol in this way, according to Lemon (Lemere) line performance statistics, a course of treatment. Maintain abstinence for more than five years accounted for 38%, to maintain more than 10 years accounted for 23%, the rest of the people continued to drink.
aversion therapy is not now a new creation, for example, in China's rural areas, since ancient times, there extend lactation contraception, children 6 and 7 years of age have not yet weaned, resulting in bad habits. Time to be weaned, the way of persuasion and forbidden the children of this bad behavior is very difficult. Civil weaning methods are usually two: First, the nipple on the Tu Coptis a class of bitter agent, children in suck 1,2, will not dare to mention sucking requirements. Another approach is in the painted an ugly color on the breast, children daunting, since even the sucking attempts do not dare. Both weaning method is the use of aversion therapy that we are now talking about. Of course, when unadorned, and did not reveal its theoretical basis.
contentwant to get rid of the target behavior (or symptoms) with something unpleasant or punitive stimulation combined the role of the offensive conditions, and to achieve to get rid of or at least the purpose of reducing the target behavior.
aversion therapy indicationsaversion therapy is commonly used in the treatment of alcohol addiction, sexual perversion, forcing concept. Through the training of the patient's condition, to form a new condition behavior in order to eliminate the bad behavior of the patients. In the treatment of aversive stimulation should be to achieve sufficient strength. Indeed make by stimulating patients to produce pain or disgust response duration of treatment until the bad behavior disappeared. Such as forced the concept of patients, treatment with pull elastic rubber band method. The first few days, when the emergence of obsessions to a series of pull-shells 30 to 50 times, in order to make the symptoms disappear. In addition, the requirements of the patients have confidence in, and actively cooperate with treatment. Doctors when treatment progress must be promptly encourage patients to family members of patients with the best made when necessary, would be better.
the general principles of
aversion therapythe principle of aversion therapy is a classical conditioned reflex.
using the principle of avoidance learning, the repulsive stimuli, such as electric shock, vomiting, the language of blame, imagine, the combination of with Qiu Zhizhe bad behavior, the formation of a new conditioned reflex to right antigen and some bad behavior, thereby eliminating this undesirable behavior.
first electric shock aversion therapyupcoming Qiu Zhizhe habitual bad behavior response and electric shock together, once this a behavioral response
electric shock aversion therapy
imagine that appear to be an electric shock. Electric shock once, rest a few minutes, and then a second. Each treatment time of 20 to 30 minutes, repeated electric shock several times. Treatment times from six times a day to once every two weeks, electric shock, the intensity of selection should be the consent of the consent Qiu Zhizhe.
second drug aversion therapynamely, when the in Qiu Zhizhe stimulus of lust, and let it take vomiting drugs, resulting in vomiting, so that the behavioral response to gradually disappear. Drug aversion therapy used for correction and eating-related behavioral disorders such as alcoholism, overeating, the drawback is taking too long, and easy to dirty the environment. the
The third is to imagine the aversion therapyabout to stimulate the differentiation by verbal description aversion situation and Qiu Zhizhe imagine linked
imagine the aversion therapy - to quit smoking
aversion response to therapeutic purposes. This therapy is easy to operate, wide adaptability and good effect on the variety of behavioral disorders. In order to change the perverted sexual acts, it was also used such therapies. Such as theft of fetish concept in Fetish Qiu Zhizhe mind or the occasion for such acts, in patients with pain in their own power or with a needle and repeat the combination of many times, you can reduce or eliminate patients with such maladaptive behaviors. Furthermore, it was the same method of treatment of habitual muscle tic. Philpott, MD, in the treatment of obsessions, also used a similar approach, he is not painful stimuli; but when When Qiu Zhizhe every occurrence of obsessions automatically stop breathing, sense of suffocation caused distress to suppress forced the emergence of the concept of . -
aimagine the initiative show a disgust scene and this scene with some sort of adapt to poor impulse (or behavior
, imagine aversion therapy
) the combination, in order to achieve therapeutic purposes. For example, patients with sexual perversion, when their desire or behavior, to immediately close your eyes and imagine standing in front of a tall policeman, solemn faces, hand chains staring at him. Or memories of the past have been detained masses angry reprimand scene, in order to achieve the reduction and control of such maladaptive behavior. In addition, the psychiatrist also designed to curb alcoholism or bulimia imagine nausea and vomiting, but imagine what is better, as effective a given stimulus. Imagine aversive correction to adapt to the bad behavior of the method, also known as implicit sensitized France (covertsensitization). Lovelorn youth hidden into despair, implicit sensitization infatuated with a certain effect. Some people say that the role played by the implicit sensitization method and the Dream of Red Mansions in the same love affair Hokyo.
use h2> the use of aversion therapy treatment of aversive stimulation should achieve sufficient intensity of pain or disgust reaction through stimulate indeed make Qiu Zhizhe generated, the duration for until the bad behavior disappears. Patients with obsessions, such as treatment, the first few days, pull the elastic rubber band method, obsessions appears to pull a series of bomb 30 to 50 times, in order to make the symptoms disappear. In addition, the requirements of Qiu Zhizhe have confidence in, and actively cooperate with treatment progress to be encouraged, if necessary, is best achieved with their families, this effect will be even better.
aversion therapy treatment of pedophilia addiction "into the psychological clinic, His face was ashamed. Ages, only to tell the truth: "I'm introverted, usually less if married more than ten years of married life not very interested, always worried that she had impotence. But the strange thing is, see the neighbor's 10-year-old little girl. I had an incredible "impulse" is often an excuse with her out shopping, watching movies, the park, took the opportunity to spy on, touch her privacy zone, and sometimes can not help but hug her, kiss her, I think access to a great deal of satisfaction. Later, in the face of his wife and children, I deeply remorse and anxiety, can not be controlled. "
Analysis: why he have a little girl "soft spot"? This is a distortion of psychological mess "bad" - he is suffering from "pedophilia".
"pedophilia addiction" is targeted at children to get sexual gratification kind of sexual perversion, more common in male patients, their love of children is often between 10 to 17-year-old children of friends or acquaintances. Most scholars believe that its occurrence is the day after tomorrow caused by abnormal psychological development. Psychological factors: the sympathy and affection innocence in everyone, but child sexual overly concerned with more than a certain limit, you can cure mental and control human behavior. Social factors: There is no capacity to deal with heterosexual relationships, nervous, afraid, in order to transfer the interest to the children who Family factors: family discord, poor marital relationship, or impotence, adult sexual life of fear or love in the children lose interest can be transferred. Personality defects: timid, cowardly, lack of ability to deal with the crisis of the susceptible population. When they encounter a major spiritual impact of the work, study and other aspects of his wife was having an affair, they tend to have the courage to face the reality back to the childhood fantasy, thought is transferred to the little girl who metamorphosed them in the eyes of lovers or mother. Other diseases: Some mental retardation, persons with disabilities may be less opportunity and mature women contacts will appear in this disease.
addiction in patients with typical manifestations of pedophilia is only interested in the immature children, the patient pursuit of psychological sexual satisfaction and sexual pleasure, but not necessarily the pursuit of sexual intercourse. one of the
aversion therapy be regarded as an effective means of treatment of the disease. When the patients with fantasy or with children, given a certain current to stimulate the Hoku Zusanli or intramuscular emetic drugs, to cause their physical and mental pain in order to break the reflection of pathological conditions, to correct the abnormal behavior of pedophilia.
aversion therapy program
(a) to determine the target symptomsaversion therapy with highly targeted, and thus must intend to abandon addition to the what kind of behavior, namely the identification of target symptoms. Callers may have more than one bad behavior or habits, but only a main or seeking help urgent requirements abandoned in addition to bad behavior as the target symptoms.
(b) selectionaversive stimuli aversive stimuli must be strong. Behavior often does not apply to seeking help to bring some satisfaction and fast
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