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green onions


Green onions, onions a ordinary green onions, shallots, onions Hu and F, onions can be divided into four types. Zhangqiu is China's largest green onions planting, processing and export base, the main planting varieties of green onions. Green onions, spicy, slightly warm, with a published yang; the role of detoxification seasoning. Mainly used in the cold cold, chills, fever, headache, nasal congestion, chill abdominal pain, dysentery, diarrhea, parasitic internal resistance, milk barrier, and two will be unfavorable. Green onions contain a volatile oil, the oil component of allicin, but also contain within the diene sulfide, calcium oxalate. In addition, it also contains fat, carbohydrates, carotene, vitamin B, C and niacin, calcium, magnesium, iron and other ingredients.

basic information


green onions, dà cōng

green onions

Scientific name: Allium fistulosum L.var.giganteum Makino,
English: scallion
alias: onions, shallots, onion seasons, do dishes
Allium Liliaceae perennial herb onion stems and leaves, the upper blue onion leaves, the lower part of the white light blue.
originated in Siberia, China's long history of cultivation, widely distributed, Shandong, Hebei, Henan and other provinces for the important place of origin. Green onions cold and heat resistance, adaptability, and the four seasons can be listed. Ordinary green onions, originating in China, and throughout the north and south. Leaves round and hollow sheath at the base to hold the synthetic "fake stem", and can eat young leaves and light blue.
is divided into two types according to the length of the light blue. Green onions plant is tall, light blue, white and sweet, more cultivation in the north.
green onions is the essential thing in the day-to-day in the kitchen the north to the green onions, it can be used for the seasoning of products, but also to combat the epidemic can be described as Vegetable medicine.
green onions and more used to fry cook; prolific onion south, is a commonly used spices, also known as scallions are generally eaten raw or mixed with cold cuts with. Ordinary green onions: variety, good quality, large area under cultivation. The length according to their light blue, and a long light blue and a short light blue points. Long light blue classes spicy hypertrophy, Liaoning cover flat, green onions, tall white, Shaanxi Huaxian Valley onions and other well-known varieties; short light blue class light blue short and thick, succulent, well-known varieties Zhangqiu chicken onions, Hebei leaf onions and so on. Shallot: leaves thick, light blue, pure white, tillers and strong, light spicy and good quality.
onions with Lifei Yang, sweating of the table through milk to stop bleeding, and pain healing effect for dysentery, abdominal pain, arthritis, constipation embolism. The onions have a unique Hot & Spicy, from volatile sulfide an onion pigment, can stimulate saliva and gastric juice secretion, increase appetite. Onion contains malic acid and sugar phosphates can be excited nerves, improve and promote circulation, relieving heat. Eat onions may reduce cholesterol accumulation in the vessel wall.


Floor onions: white and sweet, the tillers strong, onion leaves short, poor quality.
Shallot: mostly cultivated in the south, the quality is soft and tasteless, fresh onion leaves mainly. Green onions in accordance with the growth of the length of time there in the northern claw onions, to claw onion, green onion, modified onions, ditches, onions, shallots, old onions and other varieties.
claw onions (also known as yellow onions): small trees of the old onion leaves Qi left, Tuen Mun in the greenhouse pond long as the leaves golden, stem white, taste fresh.
to claw onions: the first year of growth is not enough maturity to stay next year's spring re-listed on onions. Stem white, leaf green, leaf thickness, raw spicy.
onion: the root of white, stem green, leaf green, raw sweet in April.
improved onion: the end of the fall of onion seedlings after transplanting grow into the Shallot listed over; improved onion will be listed; to fill the gap. Improved grape flavor is spicy, leaf length, dark green leaves.

Onion (21)

ditch onions: bar and coarse stems and white, but Elymus inedible.
shallots: is listed after the frost an old onion and this onion planting is generally more dense growth is not on the geotechnical or less on the soil.
old onion: long growing season, trees robust. The best of old onions chicken onion, coarse roots and upward gradually thin, the shape of chicken, white skin, Cishi winter storage will not be hollow, fragrance should do the seasoning to supply the market year after the frost.

eating techniques

eat onions should pay attention to the timing

first lunar month, growing out of the onions, because of the relationship between the gas and the soil, onions are no longer just the spice but special supplements. It can help restore physical function, anemia, low blood pressure, cold-blooded person should eat first month, onions, and can fully recharge the heat. Eye fatigue, bleeding, insomnia and neurasthenia instability, only the first month can eat onions, over the first month, spring onions, strong irritant, the body of nutrients to eliminate; opportunities for such people to eat onions only once to seize the best time to eat onions.

knowledge with onions

onion is commonly used as a condiment of people making dishes, but not necessarily everyone is just right. Such as "fried eggs. Put the pan of a small amount of onion stir-fry, pour and adjust seasoning the egg toss, pan, you can receive a delicious Huanen effect; many onions directly put up the egg mixture, add into the pan, stir fry, unfamiliar with its results are not cooked eggs, onions, onions cooked egg has gone too far to age, color is also poor. Another example is the "mustard pork soup, soup burned, in the pot and withdraw into the end of a little green onion, a little more flavoring to help the role of color; the end of the confused shallots some people withdraw into in a bowl soup, the soup's flavor of the results are lost, to make raw onion taste. Therefore, the specific circumstances of the onion seasoning to dishes, onions varieties of rational use of onions. In general, we should note the following:
according to the characteristics of the onion to use onions. Family used onions Beijing onions, shallots, its spicy fragrance is heavier, wider application in the dishes, you can make accessories but also as a condiment. Scallion, thick, tender, easy forming, raw, cooked food safe. It processed into wire, the end, do the seasoning of cold cuts, and by fresh I, but also from the play sterilization, disinfection effect; processed into a paragraph or other shape, fried in oil and ingredient with the cooking, the onion flavor and the main materials. Flavor dissolved as a whole, is very attractive, such as "Beijing onions braised chicken, onions Grilled sea cucumber" Scallion seasoning. By fumes from fried, the shallots become more prominent the smell of the onion is cooked Aquatic animal offal indispensable spices. It could be processed Cheng Ding, sheets, wire and Ingredients with cooking, or labeled as onions Ingredients with the stew pan, discard onion whichever onion flavor; tender green onions known as scallions, boil for a short deep-fried by the boiling oil, smell the smell, the color green used for salad or processing forming the withdrawal of the mix into a dish, such as "onion tofu, Scallion Chicken.
according to the shape of the main ingredient to use onions. The shape of onion processing should be consistent with the ingredient is generally slightly smaller than the main ingredient, but also as the raw materials, cooking methods and flexible use. Such as braised fish, dry fish, steamed fish, boil for a short fish balls, burning soup ", the same fish, different cooking methods, the shape of onion processing requirements are not the same. Braised fish require the cut onions and fish with the burning; "dry fish" watershed the onions finely chopped and ingredients caused; steamed fish just put the whole onion placed in the fish until the fish cooked to pick onions, only take the onion flavor; Tun soup to soak the onions in the water, just take the use of onion juice does not affect the fish balls color; pouring soup in general onions and cut into sections, fried with the same fish bowl. Fried in oil over the onions, the flavor is very strong, and can remove the fishy smell. Tang burned to the onion, Tang Qingliang not muddy.
according to the needs of raw materials to use onions. Aquatic products, poultry, livestock, offal and eggs raw fishy smell of mutton smell thick, cook onion is indispensable seasoning. The rhizomes of the soy products raw materials, onion seasoning, remove the beany flavor, the smell of soil. Single green vegetables contain natural aromatic flavor, not necessarily with onion seasoning. Dishes with onions knowledge, the use of onions must pay attention to the amount of appropriate, do not "distracting" to affect the taste.

folk remedies

light blue Corn governance peel the thin skin of the new scallions (aka green onions) near the roots of the white bulb on the outermost posts in the corn above, fixed with a cloth. Corns tenderness in one day and night, significantly reduced or disappeared. The next day following the spend of the law. So repeatedly, corns around the skin to white, weak, and eventually fall off on their own. Without any adverse reaction. Very light blue honey paste governance swollen boil green onions to remove the skin, roots, beard, leaves, washed with water, pounded porridge-like, then add green onions 1/3 of honey into a paste spreads furuncle swollen parts. Day, the better.

cultivation techniques northern China scallion producing areas of more than transplanting seedlings. Producing areas of the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River for the fall planting, but before winter to strictly control the seedlings not more than three leaves; south of the Yellow River for spring, the local temperature reaches 7 ° C should pay close attention to planting. The scallion suitable for pH 6.5-7.5 loam cultivation. Seedlings require fertilizer live loose, before sowing adequate. The seedling to prevent topsoil compaction, top dressing when the seedlings start to grow rapidly, planting the first 10-15 days to control soil moisture, prevent leggy lodging. June to July planting, the Changbai type varieties spacing 70cm, short white type and chicken varieties, spacing 50cm spacing in the rows are about 5cm. Leave the stem in order to increase the depth of the the the Changbai type varieties open Goushen (below ground) 15cm short white varieties open Goushen 10cm, planed pine ditch, onion seedlings planted in the trench, buried deep 5-7cm, normal growth 1000 kg of green onions need to absorb nitrogen 2.7 kg, 0.5 kg of phosphorus, 3.3 kg of potassium. When topdressing nitrogen fertilizer during the growing season soil hydrolysis of nitrogen lower than 80ppm. Supplementary phosphorus, potash can increase production and improve quality. Management of the hot season, mainly waterlogging and weed seedling, vigorous growing season requires adequate soil moisture.
earth to prevent onion stalk lodging, softening the fake stem, is an important part of green onions cultivation management. Plants began to flourish and grow, false stem height over the ground plane, combined with top dressing for Yong soil Pinggou. When the false stem above the ground about 10cm earth. Two the Changbai type varieties of earth, false stems buried 30-40cm. Short white type and chicken varieties earth false stems buried about 20cm. During the growing season there is no earth, plants upright emissions can be received after softening bed, from the false stem gap fill sand soil bed kept moist, the upper anti-rain. 25 days of the warm season and cold season about 40 days to complete softening. This method soften the loss, but the cultivation period can be high density, easily won a high yield.
green onions on the temperature to adapt to a wide range, from seedling to bolting before can be harvested for human consumption. In addition to nurture the full growth of the green onions in the fall is still around other season cultivation, harvesting onion (nutrition body is not fully grown into the onions).
Seed Collecting: adult and semi adult two kinds of seed production way. Adult seed production: seed strains autumn full grown green onions, and ease of strict selection, but the high cost of the reproduction of the original species; semi-adult seed production: summer planting culture as half the growth of strong age plants for seed strains before planting winter , low cost, cycle time a year. Green onions easily cross-pollinated species isolated seed production.
early winter harvest green onions, received the shaver dry finishing bundles, emissions in the shade shallow trench. Below 0 ℃, low temperature storage for more than 100 days during storage to keep the subject of onions tied mild freeze, to avoid repeated thawing. Air humidity should be around 80%, covering the grass thatch moisturizing rain. The scallions no dormancy characteristics. False stems can be stored at room temperature, although a long time, but a great loss.

management essentials

After many years of field experience proved that in order to green onions high-yield income, after the beginning of autumn must pay close attention to three points, in order to ensure The scallion robust growth, root stout and powerful, leaves agricultural green stem length and Jingzhuang.
First, timely fertilization watering
beginning of autumn after the plants grow faster, topdressing attack foliar fertilizer, composting of manure applied per acre of 1500 kg to 2000 kg, superphosphate 20 kg to 25 kg, to promote the growth of leaves. Enter the light blue was growing vigorously, dew, green onions yield formation of a critical period should be combined with watering dressing "attack trees fertilizer twice, each Mushi 15 kg to 20 kg of urea, potassium sulfate 10 kg to 15 kg, and threw between the lines. Shallow cultivator, watering, generally 2 -3 times to the water to dry soil on the ridge, trench soil moist principle.
Second, timely earth
scallions growth faster, rely on timely earth many times in order to make onions grow fast and thick, can be divided into 4 -5 times earth, each earth is a high degree of training in the onions heart can not be buried Lord. The earth too shallow is not conducive to the onion stems and white body, rapid growth, the earth caused by too much bad heart, the formation of the cut or the leaves turn yellow.
timely pest control
green onions pests and diseases downy mildew, black mold, purpura, leaf miner, root maggots. Per acre with a new lipid membrane emulsion of 300 g, 230-250 kg watered, uniform spray intervals of 7-10 days, spray a total of 2-3 times the effective prevention of onion downy mildew. Black mold, sprayed with 0.1% copper sulfate or 1% of lime, or 0.1% potassium permanganate solution of 50 kg. Peliosis, sprayed with 80% Zineb 0.5% aqueous solution or 50% of the A care 0.1% aqueous solution or copper sulphate, lime and water, 1:1:200 times the proportion of the preparation of Bordeaux mixture spray 50 kg, the amount of acres. Root maggot pest mu with methamidophos powder 5 kg or 2.5% trichlorfon powder 3.5 kg and -4.5 kg or 2.5 kg phoxim granules is applied to the territories. Spider mite, available light spirit, mites 3000 times times -3000, -3500 times or 2500 times red and white mites must Prevention.
beginning of autumn after an important period of vegetable growth. The center of gravity of the green onions field management is to promote root, strong trees and earth to soften, strengthen the management of fertilizer to create a suitable environment for the formation of light blue, thereby increasing the yield and quality of the green onions.

storage methods

conventional storage

green onions hi low temperature, dry environment for storage of the optimum temperature of -4 ℃, relative humidity of 70% -80 %.
1. Trenching and storage: green onions harvested in situ after drying for several hours, remove the soil on the roots, remove disease, injury strains, and bind them in bundles of about 10 kg, in a well ventilated place to pile up about six days; green onions appearance of water completely dried. Choose to back air ventilation at the trenching from the 50 to 70 cm. Ditch humidity can be poured permeable. Until all the water seepage under the bundle of onions suffer a bundle to be placed in the storage trench strict light blue section, and then buried with soil. Before the arrival of the cold, straws or corn straw can be covered. This can be stored to March.
2. Buried in storage by drying: the use of such methods, the selection of the tied bundle of green onions on a shady corner or cold room, the bottom layer of wet soil, the onions around the wet soil Pearson buried to the onion leaves at can. Buried in the outdoor, stamped with grass thatch cold before the onset of frost.
3. Heel in storage: the plains in the hospital or to dig a shallow pit, the beginning of winter before the harvest of green onions, remove injured, diseased, and bind them in small bundles and heel in the pit with earth, burying the light blue part of the onion root. Buried good to use flood irrigation to increase soil moisture, promote germination of new roots, slowing the onion leaves dry to extend the preservation time.
4. Dry storage: suitable period of harvest of green onions to dry 2 to 3 days, shaking the soil off the root, remove disease, injury strains, wait seven days to dry, tied about 1 kg of onions, root down, one to suffer a placed in a dry and ventilated place. Attention to prevent heat and moisture during storage.
5. Frozen storage: green onions after harvest, dry a few days, be seed wilting, remove injured, diseased, and shake off the soil, and bind them in small bundles on the availability or outdoor temperature change is small, cool, dry place, without any insulation measures, any of its natural frozen. To the winter storage of the green onions are all frozen, until the weather gets warmer, green onions, natural thawing. The saying goes: "not afraid of cold, afraid to move," Do not move, green onions in the thaw period, otherwise thaw easily cause rot.
6. Exposed to winter storage: the cultivation of green onions to the harvest season without harvesting, green onions ridge before the land freezes, earth, thick earth dug listing at any time thereafter as needed.
7. Short-term preservation and storage: Yin hanging against the wall place to dig a 20 cm deep, flat-bottomed pit, Bottom Shop 0.3 cm thick sand around the pit, surrounded by brick pit the size of the storage and. Green onions after harvest or buy back, the first in the pit water 6 to 7 cm deep water until the water seepage under the immediate green onions into the pit, pour some water every 3 to 4 days within the four corners of the pit, so that can be fresh one month or so, the leaves of the same yellow, quit, you can be listed for sale.

autumn and winter green onions preservation methods

(1) possession of France, in the open air or shed, indoor, with a wooden or steel barricaded storage rack. Dry harvest of green onions and bind them in bundles of 7 to 10 kg, in turn stacked on the shelf, leaving the middle of the gap ventilation, to prevent rot. The open frame of Tibet, the application of plastic film covering the anti-rain and snow. During storage on a regular basis to open bundle of checks in a timely manner to remove the heat deterioration of the plant.
(2) ground storage method, the ground on the leeward at Shop 3 to 4 cm thick sand, dry-strapped green onions secret password on the sand, root down, wide ~~ 1.5 m. Training code good around the green onions roots 15 cm of sand. On the cover straws, plastic sheeting rain.
(3) ditch possession of France, in the cool air deepened 20 to 30 cm wide and 50 to 70 cm in shallow trench. Selected, dried green onions and bind them in bundles of about 10 kg. Trench filling enough water, bundles of green onions Zairu trench, Yan light blue part buried into the ground, surrounded by corn stalks around the circle, in order to facilitate ventilation and heat dissipation. Temperature decreases, stamped with straws or corn stalks.
(4) cache of France, harvesting, drying for several days, green onions and bind them in bundles of about 10 kg, vertical emission in dry, sunny rain place to dry. When the temperature dropped below 0 ℃, storage pit entry. Cavities to maintain a low temperature of 0 ℃, pay attention to the moisture of the heat-resistant.
(5) cold storage storage method, pests and diseases, disability, green onions and bind them in bundles of about 10 kg load box or basket, put in freezer stacking storage. Bank to maintain a 0 ~ l ℃, relative humidity 80% ~ 85%. During storage to regular inspection, timely removed the rotten green onions.The
(6) micro-frozen storage method, dug 20 cm deep in the east-west wall of the north side, 1 to 2 meters wide, shallow trench. Will be owned by the drying of the green onions into 10 kg bundles vertical deposited in the trench. Storage of the early green onions and bound the Ministry to open a week of turning a scallion leaves all dry. Cold weather, the large light blue micro-frozen earth to green onions at the top covered with straws.

-season green onions

selection of species

planting-season listing of green onions, should choose cold, bolting resistance, heat resistance, disease resistance and quality The scallion species. Such as Zhangqiu Changbai green onions, Chinese giant onion excellent strains and other species.

nurturing seedlings

. Nursery and planting timing: the first harvest, the end of June to early July, nursery, planting in September, the second year in April; the second crop in mid-September, nursery, planting the second year in March and April, 8 listing in early September.
2. Nursery choice: two stubble nursery almost all the time in the rainy season, so the flat land, the terrain is slightly higher, drought can be poured over floods row 3 green onions, onions, leeks, garlic and other lily Section plots of vegetables.
3. Shizujifei: short green onions seedling roots buried shallow, the ability to absorb soil nutrients, in order to nurture the seedlings, must be applied to foot the full maturity of organic fertilizer and a certain amount of phosphorus and potassium. The specific method is that the former arable land, per acre facilities composting scraps of manure (chicken, ducks, sheep and strangers except manure) 5000 ~ 6000 kg, the entire plot. Applicator three elements of the sulfuric acid fertilizer before planting, 25 kg.
4. Precision farming a small rake, ridge the Zuoqi: In order to prevent soil pests harm seedlings, later, the cast of the organic fertilizer applicator poison bait once. Per acre wheat 5 kg fried yellow, and then mix with 250 ml of phoxim diluent, closed boring cover three hours Hou Sabu ground, in turn buried with organic fertilizer once, you can kill a variety of soil pests. Plowing the land, rake thin real harrow, leveling.
the Zuoqi before the first to the side of a good watering with ditches, and then Zuoqi. Plot clear width of 1 to 1.2 m and furrow ridge width of 20 to 23 cm high 8 to 10 cm (step real). Furrow do, the first applicator Qinei per acre, three-element compound fertilizer (N, P, K each containing 15%) of 25 kg, hoe through the brush flat, and then broadcast the hands.
5. Sown per acre with 3 to 4 kg of two sowing methods, can have either.
hug kinds: leveling Qimian on sow the seed evenly, sprinkle after rake makes a hug again, the seeds with soil full blending and shallow in the earth, and then poured water.
cover species: plot leveled with a flat shovel to clear a 1 cm thick Qimian fine wet soil, again Qimian leveling.
Watering: the pending Qinei water 6 to 7 cm deep, stop watering. Qimian out water seepage dry after sowing, after sowing cover the fine soil, about 1 cm thickness. Cover broadcast seedling rooting depth, root seedlings more than drought-resistant, robust seedlings. Shade anti-storm nursery can take, the better. To take advantage of the moisture after sowing manual spraying of herbicides.
6. Seedling stage management
Qimiao to five leaf stage, 1 or 2 times thinning. Seedlings from 1 to 1.5 cm. Combination of thinning, removal of weeds not killed by the herbicide. Control water, not dry without water, in order to reduce the occurrence of the "incidence" and "yellow seedlings". If the seedling growth, thin, and can be combined with water appropriate dressing. Urea per acre Debris 7.5 kg to 10 kg, applied once every 20 days Chong, Shi Chong, a total of 2 times. Growth encountered during overcast and rainy weather, should pay attention to the prevention and control of downy mildew and white blight, to ensure strong seedlings.

timely planting

summer-sown green onions in mid-September, autumn green onions in the following year in March and April planting. Row spacing of 80 cm plant spacing of 1.5 to 2 cm, the ditching planting (onions). Colonization before onion seedling strict grading and pharmaceutical processing, to eliminate the root maggots (larvae of species of flies), to ensure that all seedlings. In practice, the onion seedling roots immersed in 1.8% Ai Fuding solution diluted 4000-fold, or diluted 800 to 1000 times the phoxim solution or cypermethrin solution was diluted 3000 times in 2 ~ 3 minutes. Open trench planting is not too deep nor too shallow, too deep, dead soil unfavorable root growth; the earth is too shallow, more difficult. Trench planting is a good start, the new virtual earth turned up a little repression, an overwhelming onion seedlings to prevent future landslides. Trench onion seedlings row to the amount of fertilizer are they fat. Are they fat good fat to the maturity of the barn. 5000 kg per mu plus 25 kg of three elements after the application of the fertilizer mix. Combination of open next Erdaogou, are they fat above the appropriate overlying layer of fine wet soil. Thickness are they fat soil is not buried onions heart (growing point) degrees, a little repression ends. Just planting onion seedlings is strictly prohibited watering to prevent steep the root cause of a large number of dead seedling. Rainstorm to do everything possible to row a net onion to water, Huanmiao, case may be appropriate to drought watering. the management of


-season green onions after planting, a time when the temperature most suitable for the the scallions growth period, Miao a Huanguo Lai, will grow rapidly. Therefore, fertilizer and water management is an important part of high-yield, high-quality. Who required adequate facilities are they fat, the growth medium will not Quefei before, as long as the soil moisture is appropriate to ensure a rapid robust growth. Soil temperature is maintained at about 70% of the saturated water is appropriate. Drought is water, poured upon timely Row crop cultivators, in order to facilitate soil moisture and increase soil permeability, and promote root development and improve the ability to absorb water and fertilizer.
light blue of the length determined by how much of the earth's. General-season green onions, earth 3 to 4 times, in order to ensure that the light blue 70 to 80 cm in length. The thickness of each earth buried onions heart. Winter-season cultivation of onion, a thick earth before the earth frozen to minimize the amount of the drying of the leaves, the accumulation of nutrition to ensure that early onset of winter.
With the accelerated growth rate and leaves the large number of plants on soil nutrient demand a sharp rise. In order to ensure high yield, top-dressing must be timely. Top dressing can be combined with water. Topdressing urea 15 to 20 kg per acre. The ditch along the applicator, Shi shallow hoeing buried fertilizer, to prevent watering, fertilizer concentrate with water to the water head, to achieve the objective of balanced fertilization. Best Applying a certain amount of phosphorus, potash, have a significant effect on onion yield and improve the quality of the green onions.


therapeutic efficacy

antipyretic, expectorant: onions stimulate the body to sweat glands, the role of transpiration cooling; Scallion can stimulate the upper respiratory tract, so that phlegm easy to spit up.
antibacterial, anti-virus: onions contains allicin, has a significant role against bacteria, viruses, in particular, the inhibition of Shigella and fungal skin stronger.
anti-cancer: chives contain pectin, can significantly reduce the incidence of colon cancer, anti-cancer effects; garlic inside the onion capsaicin can inhibit the growth of cancer cells; onions also contain selenium, can reduce the nitrite content in the gastric juice, have a role in prevention of gastric cancer and a variety of cancers.
promote digestion and absorption: raw onions, like onion, containing allyl sulfide, such substances will stimulate the secretion of gastric juice, and helps to improve appetite. And contain vitamin B1 content of foods with higher intake will promote food starch and sugar quality will become heat, you can recover from fatigue.
improve blood circulation: green onions are rich in vitamin C, a relaxation of small blood vessels, promote blood circulation, prevents high blood pressure due to dizziness, the brain to remain flexible, and prevention of Alzheimer's.
strong physique: green onions can reduce bad cholesterol accumulation, and therefore regularly eat onions, even more than fat body fat, their cholesterol is not increased, and strong physique.
volatile oil of green onions and spicy elements, as getting rid of Xingshan odor Atsumi greasy dishes in a special aroma, with the same fresh mushrooms can also play a role in promoting blood circulation.
onion leaf part than the light blue section contains more vitamin A, C and calcium, therefore, do not discard.

suitable for a crowd

general population can eat.
1. Mental wish
2. Suffering from gastrointestinal diseases ulcer disease should not eat; another onion strong stimulating effect on the sweat glands, body odor in the summer should be Shensi; virtual table, sweating should not eat; excessive consumption of onions will damage eyesight.
culinary guidance
1. Daily consumption of onions, for health. The onions can be eaten raw, can be cold when the dishes for human consumption, as a seasoning used for dirty, fishy smell of mutton, and other odor dishes, soups, there is no smell of dishes, soups from the flavor flavoring role.
2. , Depending on the Ingredients of cut spring onion and diced green onion, blending, are not suitable for frying, deep-fried for too long.
3. Onion leaves are rich in vitamin A should not be lightly thrown away.
4. Onions contain allyl sulfide are volatile, so soak in the water or boiled too long, will it effect the loss.
5. Join miso sauce flame, then sprinkle with chopped green onion, you can make the flavor more palatable and can play the effect of allyl sulfide.
6. Onions together with vitamin B1 content of food intake. Because of the role to eliminate odor, such as pork or lamb with the flavor of the cuisine, be sure to use onions to taste.
therapeutic role


100 grams of nutrients
energy of 23 kcal
vitamin B60.16 mg
1.6 g of protein
0.3 grams of fat
5.8 g carbohydrates
Folic acid 11.5 micrograms
dietary fiber 2.4 g
vitamin A11 micrograms
carotene, 64 micrograms
Thiamine 0.06 mg
riboflavin 0.03 mg
nicotinic acid 0.5 mg
vitamin C3 mg
63 mg of calcium
phosphorus 25 mg
potassium 110 mg
sodium 8.9 mg
The magnesium 16 mg
Iron 0.6 mg
The Zinc 0.29 mg
Selenium 0.21 micrograms
Copper 0.03 mg
Manganese 0.34 mg

folk disease onions therapy

green onions has a therapeutic role everyone knows but no one knows green onions this role?
1. Green onions have a therapeutic role in everyone knows but no one knows green onions this role? Governance rhinitis of onion juice: Take appropriate amount of green onions, go to the root bark, wash, pound drunk, juice (onions the aldicarb better), 3 times a day, every 2 to 3 drops of nasal drops can also be used cotton balls dipped in onion juice, plug in the nostril and back to tampons, no stimulation.
2. The light blue the Governance corn: take good fresh light blue near the roots 1 small pieces, peel the outermost layer of the thin-skinned feet will be washed clean, light blue leather attached to the corn on the wrapped and with a clean white cloth. After a day and night, the tenderness of the affected area will be significantly reduced, and even posted a few days, soft corns, and finally recovered.
3. Onion membrane stop nose bleeding: take fresh onion leaves cut open with a clean cotton ball dipped in rubbing onion leaves endometrial be onion juice Shenshi cotton balls, cotton balls inserted into the bleeding nostril to stop bleeding.
4. Wine onion cure arthritis: take 60 to 120 grams of green onions, ginger 15 to 30 g were chopped, mashed, add the amount of liquor mix, wrap the affected area, the external plastic film covering and tape securely. Dressing 1 a day.
5. Honey onions governance mumps: 100 g light blue wash, pound drunk, adding an appropriate amount of honey into a paste, spread on the plastic film, patching the affected area and tape securely, dressing 1 day, even apply for several days can be more.
6. Onion water to cure hemorrhoids pain: even have light blue 250 grams, plus 1000 ml of water, simmer till 500 ml, when the bath until the water temperature suitable for 1 to 2 times.


Cong Bao beef

raw materials: beef, onion, salt, cooking wine, the ginger

Cong Bao beef

1. Beef slices, add wine, ginger, a little salted 20 minutes, dry water.
2. Onions cut roller blade spare
3. Pan to slip slices of beef, discoloration, dishing out
4. Under the onions off until fragrant, pour the slices of beef stir-fry seasoning.
1. Slice to cut off the texture, this will tender
2. The heat also controlled, tender key factor

of Cong Bao Sheep tablets

1. Mutton thawing the starch and mix well with a dry
2 green onions washed oblique cut into segments
3. Pot for boiling water, mutton had about water immediately remove (color is necessary to remove a long time to grow old)

Cong Bao Sheep tablets

4. Pot Heat oil, saute onion and put it into mutton fire fast ultra-uniform plus a little raw pumping, salt, chicken stir fry evenly and you can pan!

green onion Volume raw: yeast, flour dumplings, alkali, corn oil, salt and pepper, green onion.
green onion volume of practice:
1. Bowls of warm water and 5g yeast mixed evenly, evenly mixed with the bowls of flour dumplings, bunched up into a smooth dough (a bowl of about 200g)

green onion volume
2. Cover on the lid tightly, put warm place to ferment, and sent to be able to smell sour children, and the uneven surface of the pits, which have a honeycomb (now the good weather at night rubbing the next morning and is ready)
3. 2g of the food base, sprinkle on the panel by hand repeatedly grated uniform shop! Dough to put food base evenly rub it into the dough (about to knead at least 5 minutes)
4. Kneaded dough covered with a clean cloth of the cage to wake up for a while, roll into a patch evenly with a little corn oil, sprinkle with salt and pepper and green onion
5. Roll up patches, cut into uniform small pieces, and the horizontal stretch open and rolling on the Wash the rice dumplings on the leaves (the dumplings leaf can be repeated use), cover the lid again let rise 10 minutes

sand onion scrambled eggs

1. Will be bagged Allium mongolicum Wash and drain

sand onions stalls pancake

2 eggs, salt, small amount of chicken, corn starch, a small amount of broken up
3. Heat pan, pour a small amount of oil, pour half the egg mixture, turn to medium heat, smoothing
4. To be slightly cooked egg into the sand onions Shop average
5. Then pour the other half of egg mixture
6. Side of fried golden upside down. I always do not turn it over, each time running around in circles plus did not turn a good fall through, which has a knack to support Weapon
7. The other side to fry until golden, Sheng cut a plate, accompanied by a Thai sweet chili sauce and the like

pancakes with shallots

1, 150 g fine cornmeal and 50 grams of flour, which put a pinch of salt and mix well;
2, with water, cornmeal and flour Jiaocheng batter, sugar, stir. Electric baking pan Heat oil pancakes with shallots

wipe evenly, scoop a spoonful of batter down in the above slurry scraping the surface evenly with a scraper;
3, pancakes slightly curling can be upside down, take out on the cover curtain on standby;
, the miso and sesame and sesame oil mixture and mix well, Cai eggs knock open green onion and salt Beat, with
peanut scrambled eggs;
5, the first pancake skin rubbed a good sauce, add the onion and scrambled eggs rolled up can enjoy. farm crops of


basic information

the planting Level: a mature time: 11 hours once again ripe: 0 hours is expected to yield: the maximum yield of 19: 23 fruit Price: 19 coins of/

green onions

growth stage

germination takes time: 2 hours leaves time required: 2 hours leaves take : 3 hours maturity takes time: 4 hours Total time: 11 hours

harvest experience

crop types: a quarter of quarterly harvest: total harvest of 15 experience in planting and tilling the soil: 5 Experience: 20 experience average harvest: 1.82 Experience/hour

projected income

number of seeds: one seed total price: gold income 0 Total: 361 gold profit Total: 361 gold average profit: 32.82 gold/hour

minimum income


boil is caused by what the?

infection and skin dirty, scratches, high ambient temperature or lower the body resistance to infection-related. Boils can occur in any follicles of the skin area, often to the head, face, neck, armpits and buttocks so often by the friction of the parts is more common.

(a) causes

boil the pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus based, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, are also caused by the disease. Local and systemic skin's resistance to infection is reduced mainly due to Benbingfasheng, so infants, malnutrition, diabetes is a good risk of this disease. Dirty skin, skin abrasions, high ambient temperatures often lead to local infection such as the direct cause.

(B) the pathogenesis

bacteria invade the hair follicle and their sebaceous glands and sweat glands, in hair follicles and surrounding tissue multiply rapidly, producing toxins, causing local tissue degeneration, necrosis, and the center of the formation of boils, the performance of local congestion, exudation, induration. Aggregation of neutrophils to the damaged body tissue cells and bacteria to be destroyed, and he gradually necrosis and dissolution, the formation of abscesses in the dermis. Due to Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase contain toxins, so the formation of pus bolt, protruding outward. Swelling and induration clinically visible in the center of a yellow-white pus plug. This is Staphylococcus aureus infected lesion characteristics. Ulceration after discharge pus, abscess gradually by the new fibrous tissue repair and healing.


boil the early symptoms?

1. redness, swelling, heat, pain summary, cylindrical cone.

2. inflammation to the development of nodules increases, the pain intensified.

3. A few days later nodules central necrosis, abscess formation, dissolution, soft induration, pain relief, the central pus head most of the self-rupture, discharge pus, inflammation subsided recovery.

4. furuncle usually no obvious symptoms, but if the blood flow occurred in the rich parts of the body resistance weakened, it can cause discomfort, chills, fever, headache and loss of appetite and other symptoms of toxemia.

5. Facial Boil such as intracranial infection, facial swelling and severe, may be associated with chills, fever, headache, sinus infections and other embolization.

boil because of location, severity of different clinical manifestations may vary.

local swelling and pain sclerosis: no systemic symptoms of early disease and more, only infection redness, swelling, pain, range of not more than 2cm in diameter, small nodules gradually enlarged, as papules bulge. A few days later lesions extended about 3 ~ 5cm, nodules gradually softened, the center was white, a slight touch of the fluctuations; then ulceration pus, and the emergence of yellow-white pus plug. Pus bolt off, pus shed, the inflammation subsides and healing. There is no pus boil bolt (the so-called headless boil), since the collapse a bit late, need to find ways to promote its pus discharge (Figure 2 ).

fever, swollen lymph nodes: furuncle serious infection, the local area of ​​the lymph nodes, tenderness, and may be associated with body heat, and sometimes lymph node abscess formation.

nose, upper lip and around (called "dangerous triangle") of the surface boil, add or pushed in touch, the bacteria via the angular vein, ophthalmic vein into the brain, causing intracranial suppurative infection. At this point may have fever, headache, vomiting, consciousness disorders.

early follicular redness, swelling, heat, pain, induration. After the white purulent center, there is volatility. May be associated with systemic fever, elevated white blood cell count and differential count.


boil ate?

therapeutic side:

1. composed of: a single head of garlic, honey, 9 grams. Usage: pound evenly wrap the affected area.

2. consists of: single head of garlic amount. Usage: Peel and slice into 2 to 3 mm, with the first affected area with warm salt water when dry wash, and then sticking garlic, and gently massage the 10 to 20 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day, 2 3 There is no more. Indications: Boil, folliculitis. Note: In severe cases, such as local irritation may reduce the massage time, a serious condition should be added to serve anti-inflammatory drugs.

3 . composed of: tea 2 grams of dried honeysuckle 1 gram. Usage: boiling water 6 minutes after each meal drink in a cup. Indications: Boil, exogenous heat.

4. composed of: fresh Malan first 100 grams, the amount of liquor. Usage: Add a little salt before blindly smashed wine Ban Cheng paste, coating the surface of the skin furuncle carbuncle. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle.

5. Composition: rosin 10 grams of white wine. Usage: rosin research to fine tune white wine into a paste, resisting heat, wrap the affected area after dissolution, for the degree of responsibility to cover all of the above and then covered with wax paper and tape securely, to enhance efficacy, can drop a few drops of wine, rosin to keep moist. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle, folliculitis.

6. smashed topical papaya leaves, swollen boil carbuncle treatment drug.

7. fresh peach leaf, plug smashed the lesion, treatment of nasal furuncle.

8. rhizome or fresh banana leaves smashed Jiao Zhi, coating the surface of the skin, cure carbuncles, boils, swelling.

9. almond powder with sesame oil paint, heat treatment boil.

10. Purple cane coal deposit of the skin, powder, paint the affected area or sesame oil dressing, boil carbuncle treatment, stomatitis , eczema.

11. raw taro add a little salt, smashed drunk wrap the affected area twice a day replacement, bones can cure pain, swelling of unknown drugs, pediatric head hot boil, finger boil.

12. raw loofah (or leaf), smashed juice, coated surface of the skin, soak sore treatment days, yellow water sores, heat boils, urticaria .

13. mung bean sugar kelp: seaweed 60 grams, shredded, green beans, 150 grams, with the soup, add brown sugar to taste food. There Sedative, diuretic, soft-kin, Phlegm, scattered gall tumor effect. For hypertension, beriberi edema, neck lymphadenopathy, simple goiter, prickly heat boils hot summer day in children poison, phlegm cough embolism.

14. yi melon soup: melon (not peeled) 500-600 g, yi 50-100 grams of soup. Can be flavored with sugar or salt, on behalf of the tea used, heat, hot weather, diuretic, dehumidification effect. Drugs for Rush boils, eczema athlete's foot, yellow urine deficient.

15. Daozhi raw turnip, vinegar and rub the affected area transfer, heat treatment boil.

16. green beans 30 grams of powder, each 10 grams, water delivery service, boils cure breast swelling and pain.

17. failure to adopt the open rose 3 - 5 朵 wash, add water, two pregnant, suffering from a cup of low heat, ice sugar 30 grams, made of rose soup, until the temperature dose, to cure blood stasis amenorrhea, boils Chung pain, traumatic swelling and pain.

18. boils and pus ulceration of the skin sore or eczema, rinse with water, tea, allow the wound clean and promote healing.

19. a white sweet potato, peeled and chopped, smashed, can also be added with the same amount of fresh Houttuynia smashed, spreads in the affected area, apply to the local heating that line replace (about two three hours long), and even apply a few days more, boils cure mastitis.

20. soybeans amount, turn on the water immersed soft, add a little alum were smashed drunk, external surface of the skin, swollen boils boil treatment.

21. adzuki beans with water until soft, mash with water or vinegar, or honey or egg amount, into a paste, external surface of the skin, cure mumps, hot boil.

22. Kapok 30 - 50 grams of sugar amount, fry a bowl with water and drink two bowls and a half. Favorable moisture, heat effect. For enteritis, urethritis, eczema, summer boil embolism.

23. fresh buckwheat leaves 60 grams, Shuijianbi day one; or fried yellow noodles with the vinegar into a paste, applied to the lesion, sooner or later be replaced. Governance sore, swollen boils, erysipelas, mastitis, and swelling of unknown drugs.

appropriate patients to eat what?

1, edible grapes plus zinc salt or zinc, other foods such as soy, sunflower seeds, wheat bran, yeast, brown sugar and so on.

2, Yi Shi taste light, the cold food, such as Malan head, purslane, melon, red and white radish, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, mung bean, red bean, lily, chrysanthemum brain and celery.

patients unfit to eat what?

not eat ginger, pepper and other spicy foods , as well as mustard, yellow croaker, shrimp, crab, chicken head, goose, Zhu Tourou so fat objects.

should avoid fried foods and meat, edible oil cans.

data only refer to the specific, please ask a doctor.


how to prevent boils?

boil is born of acute suppurative superficial skin disorders, widely available health, children, young people more common. "Surgical management case" that: "boil persons, birth processes, floating red rootless feet, swollen found in the skin, only the width of an inch, there is less pain, a few days later Microsoft, thin peel, the beginning of the blue water, the latter from breaking the pus out of. "The disease occurs in the summer and autumn, protruding roots shallow, swelling potential limitations, lift the red pain, mostly in the range of about 3cm, easily swollen, easy to collapse, Yi Lian. Early can be divided into a head, without the first two kinds of general light and easy to cure the symptoms, so the saying goes, "no boil the size of a pus like." ;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; But also due to the formation of improper treatment or care "mole cricket boils," or repeated seizures, lack of disunion. Multiple furunculosis ", is difficult to cure.


boil precautions before treatment?

attention to the skin clean, timely replacement of underwear and avoid skin injuries, especially in the summer, to bathe, wash your hair, hair, changing clothes, nails, children in particular should pay attention. With honeysuckle and wild chrysanthemum Jiantang tea. Boil the surrounding skin should be kept clean and coated with 70% alcohol to prevent infection spread to nearby hair follicles.

boil Chinese medicine treatment methods

total boil caused by the toxic heat treatment to detoxify the basic principles.

A Differential Treatment:

1. Heat toxin Accumulation card: lesion processes, such as cone, burning pain, or fever, thirst, tongue pink, yellow fur, rapid pulse. Detoxification. Flavors disinfection decoction.

2. Shushi heat Melancholia: seen in summer and autumn, the affected area, such as agglomeration cone, single or multiple, burning pain, chest tightness, anorexia, deficient urination, red tongue, greasy or yellowish, veins slippery. Qingshu dampness, detoxification swelling. Qingshu Decoction.

3. Is virtual evil love cards: distributed in the body, local color dark red, pus scarce, one after another, delayed healing, with fever, irritability, thirst, or fatigue, limb soft, red tongue thin yellow, rapid pulse. Righting detoxification. Liu Wei Di Huang Decoction.

Second, external treatment and other treatment:

1. The beginning of detoxification should be swelling, moderate to henbane, water reconcile, wrap the affected area. Or wishful golden powder for external application. Or green cream Waicha.

2. Pus, the clip bolt out the pus.

3. Unhealed after the collapse, sores can be a little ninety-one Dan to drugs or drug line twist into sores, topical berberine gauze.

4. Oral Meihuadianshe Dan, Niuhuangjiedu, Fang Feng Tong Sheng Wan, Liushen other medicine.

5. Unilateral prescription: Silver Flower 30g, licorice 10g, decoction, on behalf of the tea.

Western boil treatment

1. Local treatment, such as heat, physical therapy, 10% ichthyol coated ointment. Facial Boil should rest in bed should not squeeze or prick Boil, so as not to spread to the brain.

2. Swelling or have a large range of obvious symptoms, should give systemic antibiotics (third-generation cephalosporin antibiotics).

3. The formation of abscess, incision and drainage should be timely but should be avoided Boil the face cut.

(a) treatment

1. The principles of early treatment to promote inflammation subsided, after early drain purulent pus; timely elimination of systemic adverse reactions.

2. Local treatment

(1) Physical therapy: early, ultraviolet micro-irradiation, can promote local anti-inflammatory, to prevent proliferation. Swelling stage, the selection of FM, infrared and other heat, promote Boil liquid. 2 to 3 times / d, 20 ~ 30min / times.

(2) Drug eraser: 0.5% povidone-iodine scrub, the drug not only for skin irritation, and the role of long-lasting, no pigmentation. Can also be used erythromycin, tetracycline ointment.

(3) topical cream: local swelling and a small pustules, use ichthyol, wishful golden powder, Gyokuro powder and so on.

(4) incision and drainage: Boil into pus, nodules soften, a sense of volatility, you can make a small incision drainage or fire needle drainage. Taboo squeeze purulent lesions.

(5) to keep local clean and dry: adhere to local skin cleaning, daily showers are the best conditions. Young children with skin, topical lip after taking a bath in summer, to avoid the formation of multiple Boil.

3. Systemic treatment usually does not require systemic treatment of boils. But facial boils or accompanied by chills, fever, headache, general malaise, etc., should be given antibiotics. Clinical observations and experimental results show that the efficacy of penicillin, cephalothin, cefazolin and amikacin better effect.

(B) the prognosis

generally good prognosis after active treatment, without sequelae.


boil should be how?

1. Peripheral blood

(1) white blood cell count: fever, elevated WBC count may have.

(2) white blood cell count: white blood cell count was elevated often accompanied by increased neutrophils .

2. diabetes check

(1) fasting plasma glucose measurement: two fasting blood glucose were increased, should consider the possibility of diabetes.

(2) glycated serum protein: This clinical trial is not the impact of fluctuations in blood glucose higher than normal to help the diagnosis of diabetes.

(3) glycosylated hemoglobin: glycosylated hemoglobin and blood glucose were positively correlated, and the irreversible reaction. Diabetes is often higher than the normal 2 to 3 times.

3. bacteriologic

(1) bacterial culture: the multiple, repeated infections, abscesses can be extracted directly pus for bacterial culture, positive results will help the diagnosis of pathogens.

(2) drug susceptibility testing: bacterial culture in the pus, while line drug susceptibility testing can provide the scientific basis of clinical drug treatment.


boil diseases easily confused?

1. Multiple sweat gland abscesses are summer disease, more common in infants and young children and frail mother's head, forehead, etc .. Lesions of multiple subcutaneous abscesses. Surface tenderness, inflammation lighter. No pus bolt, left scars. Usually accompanied by a lot of prickly heat. Generally known as prickly heat poison. It was also known as pseudo furunculosis (Pseudofurunculosis).

2. Hidradenitis suppurativa common in young women, lesions of the skin induration. Subcutaneous abscess formation, followed by skin redness, swelling, heat, pain, ulceration scarring. Lesions occur in the armpits, groin, genital and perianal, umbilical, etc.

3. acne acne mild infection, red, swollen, painful, but the disease is small, the top a little bit like creamy.

4. sebaceous cysts sebaceous cyst infection are redness, swelling, pain, but the previous round has been painless mass over an extended period , the epidermis as usual.

5. carbuncle carbuncle with redness, swelling, pain, but there are several hair follicle infection, lesions larger than the boil.


hump-related diseases

juvenile osteochondrosis of vertebral osteoporosis youth sexual hump sore scoliosis ankylosing spondylitis vitamin D deficiency disease

more back symptoms

small blisters appear back back pain back spasms, back pain does not have subtle linen spine back pain sinus pain Road with sensory ataxia spinal nerve root damage spinal cord hemisection syndrome, spinal cord lesions of hemorrhagic infiltration of the spinal cord injury spinal cord infarction, cauda equina involvement across the spinal cord within the spinal cord gliosis in the spinal cord anterior horn of the spinal cord lesion cavity formed spinal thalamic tract compression

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