A Chinese herb in ancient times known as thin paste, boiled rubbery material with vegetable oil or animal oil dosing, painted on cloth, paper or leather side can be a long time attached to the affected area, mainly used to treat boils, swelling The pain. As early as in ancient times, our country physician there Yanyue the: "plaster can cure, no special decoction using successfully implemented, the ring stand should be.
tcm surgical plaster is the use of traditional Chinese medicine meridian principles, the use of drugs co-ordination as with the performance, composed of large multi-herbal medicine compound, in order to play the good effect of the drug. The plaster used for muscular form a thin paste, plaster to take the smell of thick drugs cited drugs and led a group of drugs, open end stagnation line directly to patients. So you can penetrate into the skin to produce anti-inflammatory and pain relief, promoting blood circulation, pass through the walking network, fails to grasp the Speranskia, comfortable and easy to effect. plaster affixed to the surface to stimulate the nerve endings, through reflection, dilation of blood vessels, promote blood circulation, improve the nutrition of the surrounding tissue to reach the swelling anti-inflammatory and analgesic purposes. drugs in the affected area through the skin penetration up to subcutaneous tissue, comparative advantage in the local drug concentration, and thus play a strong pharmacological effect. In addition, due to plaster some strong irritant drugs, strong stimulation reflex can regulate body functions and promote antibody formation, improve human immunity. After the drugs wear through the skin and mucous membranes, and vascular or lymphatic tube into the systemic circulation, they can produce a systemic drug effect.
taboousually inadvertently cause muscle or joint contusion, ligament injury, do not immediately 伤湿止痛膏 musk herd plaster in the injured area when the movement or the labor. This type of plaster with blood stasis, after severe trauma paste can not reach the swelling, the purpose of pain. Local damaged plaster can not be directly attached to the defects in order to avoid purulent infection. Any containing musk, frankincense, saffron, myrrh, walnuts and other ingredients of the plaster of blood circulation, pregnant women should be disabled. If the plaster to the local skin papules, blisters, consciously intense itching, that this plaster allergy, should immediately stop patching, anti-allergy treatment.
swelling and pain, with 80% alcohol, or wipe with ginger piece; if the wound, can be used in dilute solution of potassium permanganate wash pus dry blood after the test, then equivalent to the spread plaster, soft bake on a small fire, sometimes because of the condition of patients, evenly sprinkle some powder on a soft bake plaster, and then repeatedly equivalent, spread the plaster, so that the powder mixed with In the meantime, for faster, better play efficacy.
If the affected area itching occurs, need to massage out of the plaster, if not effective, can be peeled off the plaster, rubbed the itchy at the cotton ball with alcohol, then heated paste plaster. If the lesion pus in the plaster surface plus some gauze, or cut a small hole in the plaster paper in the folder, the corresponding patching the hole and wound, so that pus. The erosion, pain more than, or blisters can be attached to Sida cream treatment, or plaster peeled off with alcohol, apply a red syrup, with a gauze bandage.
paste plaster medicine such as 伤湿止痛膏, anti-inflammatory pain relief ointment, the first surface of the skin with alcohol swab to wipe, torn off the plaster on the film sticking. Erosion and trauma associated with infection such as skin, should not be affixed to use.
plaster often contain aromatic ingredients go channeling, so pregnant women should be used with caution, in particular, to avoid paste navel, waist, abdomen with; skin allergies should not be posted. During the plaster, you should eat cold food. Without plaster can be stored at cool and dry place to prevent summer melting or moth-eaten.
proper stickers affixed to the traditional black cream ointmentbefore the plaster with a hot towel, the pain at the washed, dried, and then patch affixed to the site of pain and related points , smooth in real can be. patch to after cold weather with a hot water bottle hot compress, so that the paste quickly soften, to increase the therapeutic effect. The icon before the black plaster patching without heating patching, hand tapping the plaster paste at the plaster and skin paste solid increase treatment effect.
plaster patching diagram
plaster historical developmentplaster is how come? It is said that there is a the legend and li Po. Past folk medicine OK li Po as the inventor and patron deity of the sticking plaster. Is the torrent of bad behavior in this industry, King of the drug cents. li Po folk influence, but mainly with the other seven cents - Sin appears as a group. Probably because of him toting a large gourd, life-saving panacea.
Legend of Douglas House (now Anyang, Henan) have a plaster king dispensers, charity, whether in rich or poor, as long as the raw the sores. Give the rule of man, a good reputation. Day, the king dispensers with some plaster to catch the temple halfway run into a lame beggar, covered with tattered. fly from the stench. Beggars met with the king dispensers, stretch lame leg length of small boils, treasurer of the king to cure. King dispensers to remove a quote plaster attached to the small sores, said: "Tomorrow quasi-good."
The next day, the king dispensers run into a lame beggar, and hurriedly asked: "Well?" said the beggar, "Oh, the pain grew worse king dispensers opened the plaster look. really sore, and said: "I give you for a quote drug, and then bad, you came to my house to find me." So to a beggar for a quote.
The next day, early in the morning the king dispensers to go out, just towards the door, you see that the lame beggar at the door waiting for it; did not wait for the king treasurer opening lame cursed; "You the true Kengren! the Akinori House of the plaster - the net is fake! "Wang treasurer opened a incredibly large sized leg sores become. King palm refused very sorry.
sticking plaster of origin
said, "I will give you a good plaster with posts." Then lift up the beggars into the house. Into the courtyard, a big yellow dog rushed over, biting the legs of the beggar, the king dispensers look anxious so he took a beggar in the hands of a wooden stick, Yigun killed the dog. Beggar smiled: "Today there is dog eat."
wang shopkeeper went to the backyard to find out a few kinds of rare medicinal herbs, to the beggar with a post plaster. Over a beggars are eating roast dog, next to and memories of a few pieces of sticking. The beggar took the good with the drug, to the leg press, picked up one of the sticking, and also cover to the above. Little effort beggars sticking paste a mortgage, a large-sized abscess disappeared, really magical. Treasurer of the king took the sticking cream, very frustrating, when the lame beggar suddenly gone, they realized Shui Sin - torrent to come to teach cents side. the historical origins of the traditional Chinese medicine five dosage form - pill, powder, cream, red, soup one. The medical literature in the Han Period "Yellow Emperor", "Shen Nong's herbal Classic" and "Classic" writings have recorded on the plaster. When the plaster is pig fat like ointment. Alchemy, wei and jin Dynasties, the prevalence of black plaster has emerged. Tang and Song preparation of black plaster gradually improved and widely used. ming and Qing has become one of the common medication. In modern times, due to the development of the decoction, the use of black plaster is greatly reduced. The emergence of the modern technology of the rubber paste, black plaster has almost disappeared from the hospital only spread in the folk. according to modern pharmacological studies, black plaster in the absorption and efficacy is superior to the plaster. However, due to the more complex the production process of the black plaster, there is no uniform standard and difficult to carry out quality control, resulting in the quality of black plaster mixed Qi. Time-consuming due to the production of black plaster, hospital engage in more tcm herbs, crushed herbal transferred to the honey, vaseline and other matrix was like topical ointment fixed tissue, bandages, dressing every 24 hours, the use of cost compared with high. Each affixed black plaster can be used 3-15 days, can be peeled off after re-patching, does not affect the efficacy and therefore lower cost.
paste, by definition, is thick of things. the paste is a class of room temperature solid, semisolid, semiliquid formulations. By the drugs and the two parts of the matrix composition (without matrix). Miao yong Gun sunburn Dafa said: "paste, boiled thick paste"; the Gong Yunlin, "Shou Shi Bao Yuan": "paste glue"; are reflected in the form of ointment.
paste is a class of ancient formulations of the medicine of the motherland, its origins long. Wether fat early in the Shan hai Jing "recorded for the application may be skin to prevent chapped, we can say is the most original plaster;" yellow Emperor "chronicles the" hog cream "," carbuncle hair in the Essentials ...... together hog ointment, cold, three days. ... coated with the cream of the hog, 6 have been. "" Neijing? really want theory ":" Mount, bath, thin, robbery, open issued by the appropriate thing for the degree. "which referred to the beginning of friction, thin are the descendants of plaster. Said paste for the Northern and southern Dynasties "Paste" or "thin". Tang Dynasty, the title of "Mount cream. ming and Qing Dynasties of tang dynasty "fried" to called "Gaozi" or "cream" and included in the scope of the paste. paste varieties richer. With the development of the history of the use of the paste gradually expanded, not only the the extraterritorial disease with cream, and cure disease with ointment. Qing Shi Wu machine management perish parallel prose ", paste the prescription, application and preparation process are discussed in a special and create a type of white plaster, rosin plaster paste. In recent years, with the rapid development of transdermal drug delivery systems (TDDS), the scope of application of topical ointments are also broader.
paste role more widely, either orally or topical, because it has a certain consistency, and therefore have: high active ingredient content, slow precipitation, the role of long-lasting, local efficacy of tangible advantages. xu Ling the fetal said: "the ancients that this plaster used thin paste, use the big endian: symptomatic, to cure symptomatic, such as call pus dispel rotten pain myogenic and shelter from protect meat and the like, the paste should be thin to change. governance, or drive the cold, or blood, or phlegm swelling of the liver, or strong bones and muscles, its very spirit side, drug addition and subtraction shows signs of disease, the cream should be heavy thick paste long . "
topical plaster ancient times known as a thin paste. Don Lee Cheer "so the real Book of" sets out: "Yuyuan Gong Town, South China Sea, gangrene in the temples, relative to the country the Ji Suiqu plaster affixed to a boil in a few days to calm down." Specific system of law: according to different conditions, choose the appropriate drug immersed in vegetable oil, soak a certain period of time, went in suffering, and other drugs Kuhei to the residue, boil, dripping beads and then the proportion of oil (depending on the different seasons at that time) by adding the right amount of red lead, mix well, the pot from the fire (or away from the fire and put Dan). drug condensate designate as thick as a cream, cut into chunks, put in cold water, a goal of poison. Stand-by heating and melting, spread on paper in cloth or thick paper or thin oil affixed to the surface of the skin surface skin can. Clinical useful to those where governance, such as joint pain, stiffness, acid trapped deep muscle, skin numbness, deep abscesses, fractures, tendon injury embolism. Whichever is expelling wind and dampness, qi and blood, bone continued reinforcement of the role, such as the panacea cream, bone ointment. Useful to the treatment table, various diseases, such as surface carbuncles, boils, gangrene, boils and other sores, swelling and pain, to rot myogenic shut protection sores role of Tai cream, typhonium cream, sun the reconciliation Gel, red and ointment.
plaster application in China has a long history ancient medical Yanyue: "plaster can cure, no special decoction using successfully implemented, the ring stand should be." of the pros and cons of the plaster, the efficacy is fundamental. plaster are outside the rule, thus avoiding the side effects of oral administration of drugs, coupled with effective, safe, and by the masses widely welcomed. xu Da-chun of the Qing Dynasty, saying: "lack of decoction best disease with a plaster affixed, occlusive its gas, so that the effects of the medicine from the pores into the room Cou management, through the meridians, or to mention out of, or attack and scattered, compared with medication particularly powerful. "in the plaster of the drug directly patching the surface points on the effects of the medicine through the fur the Cou grounds table into, penetrate up to subcutaneous tissue, on the one hand, the comparative advantage of the local drug concentration; the other hand, run through the meridian through the direct organs disorders gas disorders of the disease are, to play a drug "normalized by the" functional effects, thus maximizing the systemic pharmacological effects. traditional injection and oral therapy in addition to damage nerves and blood vessels, muscle and other tissue and gut reactions, so that the patient is not easy to accept, but these methods are easy to make the drug through the body's blood circulation and intestinal damage, while the real reach of the local drug of disease the little less, so the dosage greatly, and the efficacy of the poor. plaster external treatment completely solve this problem, the drugs act directly on the surface of the skin, so that efficacy to improve several times, but not easy to produce drug resistance.
Status and developmentcommon on the market at this stage are white plaster Babu plaster, while the traditional black plaster less and less of the development trend of more medical work, to promote the Chinese traditional medicine, and tcm enthusiasts grasp Medical treasures of the motherland - the preparation and application of traditional black plaster, also appeared in the production of training classes for traditional black plaster, plaster base of production technology in which traditional Chinese medicine, wang Guohua teacher modeled after the way of education to teach production principles and methods of traditional black plaster series production process, the motherland of Chinese medicine heritage make an important contribution.
traditional plaster production method one, verses and Notes
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